Transposition and target preferences of an active nonautonomous DNA transposon nDart1 and its relatives belonging to the hAT superfamily in rice

Kyoko Takagi, Masahiko Maekawa, Kazuo Tsugane, Shigeru Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nonautonomous nDart1 element in the hAT superfamily is one of a few active DNA transposons in rice. Its transposition can be induced by crossing with a line containing an active autonomous element, aDart1, and stabilized by segregating aDart1. No somaclonal variation should occur in nDart1-promoted gene tagging because no tissue culture is involved in nDart1 activation. By transposon display analysis, we examined the activities of nDart1-related elements in the selfed progeny of a mutable virescent pyl-v plant containing aDart1. Although various nDart1-related elements are present in the rice genome, only nDart1-3 subgroup elements, nDart1-0 and nDart1-3 in particular, were found to be transposed frequently and integrated into various sites almost all over the genome, and a fraction of the transposed elements were found to be transmitted to the next generation. More than half of the newly integrated elements were identified as nDart1-0. Analysis of the newly inserted sites revealed that the nDart1-3 subgroup elements were predominantly integrated into single-copy regions. More than 60% of the transposed elements were inserted into the genic regions that comprise putative coding regions and their 0.5-kb flanking segments, and approximately two-thirds of them were within the 0.5-kb area in front of the putative initiation codons, i.e., promoter-proximal genic regions. These characteristic features of nDart1-3 subgroup elements seem to be suitable for developing an efficient and somaclonal variation-free gene tagging system for rice functional genomics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-355
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomics
Volume284
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • DNA transposons
  • Functional genomics
  • Gene tagging
  • Rice
  • Transposon display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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