Transmission of human herpesvirus 7 through multigenerational families in the same household

Yasushi Takahashi, Masao Yamada, Jun Nakamura, Takashi Tsukazaki, Jorge Padilla, Tetsuro Kitamura, Mariko Yoshida, Shiro Nii

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Abstract

background. Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) closely resembles Hhv-6 and to a lesser degree cytomegalovirus. Hhv-7 infection is usually acquired during early childhood. Primary infection can cause a roseola-like illness but in most cases it is only mildly symptomatic. The majority of adults are seropositive and in contrast to Hhv-6 and cytomegalovirus infection, they continue to secrete the virus in their saliva for many years. The mode of intrafamilial transmission of this virus is not well-understood, methods. Saliva samples for virus isolation and Dna restriction analysis were obtained from all 47 members of 6 Japanese families, including 4 families with 3 generations living in the same household. Results. Hhv-7 was isolated from 43 of 47 saliva samples collected from children and adult members of the 6 families (91.5%). In one family the restriction patterns of the maternal grand-mother, the mother and the children were similar, and the patterns of the paternal grand-mother and the father were similar. In another family the patterns of the father and 5 of 6 children were similar, and those of the mother and the other child were Similar. Altogether similar Hhv-7 restriction profiles with his or her mother were found in 48% of offspring, and similar profiles with his or her father were found in 28% of offspring, conclusions. The results strongly suggested horizontal transmission of Hhv-7 from grand- parents to parents to children through close contact within a household. Either parent could transmit Hhv-7 to the children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-978
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1997

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Keywords

  • Human herpesvirus 7
  • Mode of transmission
  • Molecular epidemiology
  • Saliva

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)

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