Transmission-line coupling of active microstrip antennas for one- and two-dimensional phased arrays

Ragip Ispir, Shigeji Nogi, Minoru Sanagi, Kiyoshi Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Several types of transmission-line coupling are analyzed to use in one- and two-dimensional active antenna arrays, and a method is developed to scan the beam of the arrays using the mutual locking theory. To compensate the undesired effect of strong radiative coupling of the nearest neighbor elements on the phased array performance, addition of resistive stubs to the end elements is proposed. In a 1 x4 array it was observed that after the connection of resistive stubs, the scanning range of the array increased considerably. The effect of oscillator amplitudes on the phased array behavior is explored numerically. In the experiments main beam of 2 x 2 and 3x3 active antenna arrays were steered up to 25° and 15°, respectively in the H-plane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1211-1219
Number of pages9
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997



  • Active antenna
  • Microwave
  • Phased array
  • Power combining
  • Transmission-line coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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