BACKGROUND: Allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation requires granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration to mobilize PBPCs in healthy donors. The effects of G-CSF on pulmonary functions, however, have not been clearly elucidated in PBPC donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Respiratory status by measurements of arterial blood gas was prospectively evaluated serially in 25 healthy donors (9 men, 16 women; age, 18-61 years) administered a dose of 10 μg per kg for 5 days. RESULTS: White blood cell (WBC) counts increased in all the subjects after G-CSF administration; means on Days 0, 3, and 5 were 6 × 109, 33.4 × 109, and 33.6 × 109 per L, respectively. The mean PaO2 values on the respective days were 93.1, 85.8, and 81.8 mmHg, and these changes were significant (p < 0.0001), remaining significant after adjustment for the WBC count. Levels of both PaCO2 and AaDO2 were significantly higher after G-CSF administration than those before G-CSF administration (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0004, respectively). SaO2 was significantly decreased after G-CSF administration (p = 0.0002). Age was identified as a significant predictive factor for the increase of AaDO2 and PaO2 decline. These observations clearly indicate that the gas exchange was significantly affected during G-CSF administration in healthy PBPC donors. CONCLUSION: Considering an increasing use of PBPC mobilization by G-CSF, careful monitoring of the respiratory status is important to ensure safety of PBPC donors, especially elderly donors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy