Transcriptome analysis reveals key genes involved in weevil resistance in the hexaploid sweetpotato

Kanoko Nokihara, Yoshihiro Okada, Shinichiro Ohata, Yuki Monden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Because weevils are the most damaging pests of sweetpotato, the development of cultivars resistant to weevil species is considered the most important aspect in sweetpotato breeding. However, the genes and the underlying molecular mechanisms related to weevil resistance are yet to be elucidated. In this study, we performed an RNA sequencing-based transcriptome analysis using the resistant Kyushu No. 166 (K166) and susceptible Tamayutaka cultivars. The weevil resistance test showed a significant difference between the two cultivars at 30 days after the inoculation, specifically in the weevil growth stage and the suppressed weevil pupation that was only observed in K166. Differential expression and gene ontology analyses revealed that the genes upregulated after inoculation in K166 were related to phosphorylation, metabolic, and cellular processes. Because the weevil resistance was considered to be related to the suppression of larval pupation, we investigated the juvenile hormone (JH)-related genes involved in the inhibition of insect metamorphosis. We found that the expression of some terpenoid-related genes, which are classified as plant-derived JHs, was significantly increased in K166. This is the first study involving a comprehensive gene expression analysis that provides new insights about the genes and mechanisms associated with weevil resistance in sweetpotato.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1535
JournalPlants
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Juvenile hormones
  • RNA-seq
  • Sweetpotato
  • Terpenes
  • Transcriptome
  • Weevil resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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