Transcription factor EB influences invasion and migration in oral squamous cell carcinomas

H. Sakamoto, K. Yamashita, Kuniaki Okamoto, T. Kadowaki, E. Sakai, M. Umeda, T. Tsukuba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Transcription factor EB (TFEB) is a master regulator of lysosomal biogenesis and plays an important role in various cancers. However, the function of TFEB in oral squamous cell carcinomas has not been examined. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of TFEB in oral squamous cell carcinomas. Materials and Methods: Expression levels of TFEB were examined in six different human oral squamous carcinoma cells: HSC2, HSC3, HSC4, SAS, OSC20, and SCC25. Knockdown of TFEB using small interfering RNA in HSC2 and HSC4 cells was performed. Cell morphology was observed by immunofluorescence microscopy. Cell proliferation, invasion, and adhesion were analyzed. Results: Expression levels of TFEB were high in HSC2, moderate in HSC4 and SCC25, and low in HSC3 and OSC20 cells. Knockdown of TFEB did not affect proliferation of HSC2 and HSC4 cells, but did induced enlargement of lysosomes and endosomes in HSC4 cells. TFEB silencing reduced invasion and migration of these HSC cell squamous carcinoma cells; however, increased cell adhesion was also observed. Conclusion: TFEB knockdown reduces invasion and migration of cancer cells, likely through lysosomal regulation. Taken together, TFEB influences cell invasion and migration of oral squamous cell carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-748
Number of pages8
JournalOral Diseases
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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Keywords

  • invasion
  • oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • transcription factor EB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Sakamoto, H., Yamashita, K., Okamoto, K., Kadowaki, T., Sakai, E., Umeda, M., & Tsukuba, T. (2018). Transcription factor EB influences invasion and migration in oral squamous cell carcinomas. Oral Diseases, 24(5), 741-748. https://doi.org/10.1111/odi.12826