Trace element and isotopic geochemistry of Cretaceous magmatism in NE Asia: Spatial zonation, temporal evolution, and tectonic controls

Petr L. Tikhomirov, Elena A. Kalinina, Takuya Moriguti, Akio Makishima, Katsura Kobayashi, Eizo Nakamura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Results of a comprehensive geochemical study (major and trace elements, and isotopes of Sr, Nd, Pb, Hf) of Cretaceous volcanic rocks from the Chukotka area in northeastern Russia are presented. Synthesis of available geological and geochronological data suggests diachronous onset of activity of the Okhotsk–Chukotka volcanic belt (OCVB), the largest magmatic province in the region. The OCVB consists of ca. 106 km3 of volcanic rocks. At 106–105 Ma, subduction-related magmatism initiated in the southern and central segments of the OCVB. In the Central and Northern Chukotka areas, where the northern OCVB is exposed, onset of arc magmatism occurred ca. 10 m.y. after extension-related magmatism of the Chaun igneous province at 109–104 Ma. Mafic rocks from the OCVB yield (87Sr/86Sr)80 Ma of 0.7033 to 0.7047, εNd80 Ma of 0.0 to 7.10, εHf80 Ma of 4.12 to 12.88, (206Pb/204Pb)80 Ma of 18.11 to 18.42, and (208Pb/204Pb)80 Ma of 37.96 to 38.21. Volcanic rocks from the Chaun province, as well as OCVB rocks from Northern Chukotka, originate from a relatively enriched source and have (87Sr/86Sr)80 Ma of 0.7088 to 0.7100, εNd80 Ma of − 5.81 to − 3.42, εHf80 Ma of − 3.40 to − 0.25, (206Pb/204Pb)80 Ma of 18.69 to 18.90, and (208Pb/204Pb)80 Ma of 38.65 to 38.86. No definitive across-arc elemental or isotopic zonation of the OCVB has been revealed, probably because of wide-scale crustal melting and subsequent contamination of mantle-derived melts. However, there is a clear along-arc isotopic zonation. In our interpretation, this results from heterogeneity of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle, which likely was a major contributor to the magma source. The similar isotopic signatures of silicic (dominantly crust-derived) and mafic (mantle-derived) volcanic rocks in each OCVB segment imply that remelting of juvenile mafic underplated material was the main process responsible for the crust-derived magma generation. These data from the major Cretaceous magmatic provinces of northeast Asia are synthesized in context of existing plate tectonic reconstructions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)453-471
    Number of pages19
    JournalLITHOS
    Volume264
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

    Keywords

    • Cretaceous magmatism
    • Isotope geochemistry
    • Mantle heterogeneity
    • Northeastern Russia
    • Paleotectonics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

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