Towards the understanding of complex traits in rice: Substantially or superficially?

Toshio Yamamoto, Junichi Yonemaru, Masahiro Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Completion of the genome analysis followed by extensive comprehensive studies on a variety of genes and gene families of rice (Oryza sativa) resulted in rapid accumulation of information concerning the presence of many complex traits that are governed by a number of genes of distinct functions in this most important crop cultivated worldwide. The genetic and molecular biological dissection of many important rice phenotypes has contributed to our understanding of the complex nature of the genetic control with respect to these phenotypes. However, in spite of the considerable advances made in the field, details of genetic control remain largely unsolved, thereby hampering our exploitation of this useful information in the breeding of new rice cultivars. To further strengthen the field application of the genome science data of rice obtained so far, we need to develop more powerful genomics-assisted methods for rice breeding based on information derived from various quantitative trait loci (QTL) and related analyses. In this review, we describe recent progresses and outcomes in rice QTL analyses, problems associated with the application of the technology to rice breeding and their implications for the genetic study of other crops along with future perspectives of the relevant fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-154
Number of pages14
JournalDNA Research
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Chromosome segment substitution lines
  • Map-based cloning
  • Marker-assisted selection
  • Near-isogenic lines
  • QTL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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