Toll like receptor 5 ligand induces monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in mouse osteoblastic cells

Kimiya Nakamura, Yoshiaki Deyama, Yoshitaka Yoshimura, Kuniaki Suzuki, Manabu Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Flagellin, the ligand of Toll like receptor 5, is the major subunit of bacterial flagella. Flagellin stimulates various cells to release chemokines. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a member of the CC chemokine family that is involved in monocyte infiltration in inflammatory diseases. It has been reported that serum MCP-1 levels increase proportionally with the severity of periodontal disease. Inflammatory mediators induce MCP-1 production in various cells, including osteoblasts. However, it remains unclear whether MCP-1 is released from osteoblasts in response to flagellin. In the present study, we investigated the effects of flagellin on the expression of MCP-1 in the mouse osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1 (E1) cells. Flagellin markedly increased MCP-1 mRNA level in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of flagellin on MCP-1 mRNA expression in E1 cells was transient, with a peak at 1 h. Concomitant with MCP-1 mRNA expression, MCP-1 protein levels were clearly elevated at 3 h after flagellin exposure. In addition, we revealed that JNK and MEK-ERK1/2 are involved in flagellin-induced MCP-1 expression in E1 cells. These results indicated that bacterial flagellin may play an important role in the progression of periodontitis. Results of further studies will provide more clues to the prevention of periodontal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalBiomedical Research
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Toll-Like Receptor 5
Flagellin
Chemokine CCL2
Ligands
Periodontal Diseases
Osteoblasts
Messenger RNA
Mouse Ccl2 protein
CC Chemokines
Flagella
Periodontitis
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Chemokines
Infiltration
Blood Proteins
Monocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Toll like receptor 5 ligand induces monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in mouse osteoblastic cells. / Nakamura, Kimiya; Deyama, Yoshiaki; Yoshimura, Yoshitaka; Suzuki, Kuniaki; Morita, Manabu.

In: Biomedical Research, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2012, p. 39-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakamura, Kimiya ; Deyama, Yoshiaki ; Yoshimura, Yoshitaka ; Suzuki, Kuniaki ; Morita, Manabu. / Toll like receptor 5 ligand induces monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in mouse osteoblastic cells. In: Biomedical Research. 2012 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 39-44.
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