Tissue-specific and periodic changes in the nuclease sensitivity of the fibroin gene chromatin in the silkworm Bombyx mori.

K. Kondo, Y. Aoshima, T. Hagiwara, H. Ueda, S. Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nuclei of substantial purity were isolated from the middle or posterior silk glands of the silkworm Bombyx mori larvae. Both the fibroin H- and L-chain gene sequences in the isolated nuclei from the posterior silk glands of the fifth instar larvae, where the genes are transcribed actively, are extremely sensitive to the digestion with DNaseI; on the other hand, these sequences in the middle silk gland nuclei from the same larvae, where the genes are not expressed, are markedly resistant to the digestion. The H-chain gene sequences in the posterior silk gland nuclei from the fifth instar larvae are also highly susceptible to the digestion with micrococcal nuclease, HinfI, and HhaI. The digestion products with micrococcal nuclease show a continuous size distribution. The H-chain gene sequences in the middle silk gland nuclei or the posterior silk gland nuclei from the fourth molting stage are cleaved partially into nucleosome dimer to oligomer sizes upon digestion with higher concentrations of micrococcal nuclease, suggesting that the inactive forms of the H-chain gene chromatin are constructed by folding of the chromatin fiber containing a regular array of nucleosomes. Hypersensitive sites to micrococcal nuclease are present near both ends of the second exon, a major body of the fibroin H-chain gene, in both the active and inactive forms of the chromatin. The DNaseI or micrococcal nuclease sensitivity of the H-chain gene chromatin in the posterior silk gland nuclei shows periodical changes corresponding to the intermolt-molt-intermolt cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5271-5279
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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