The development of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is correlated with the infiltration into the lungs of activated eosinophils and T lymphocytes. In large part, influx of eosinophils into the lung is dependent on very late activating antigen-4 (VLA-4) expression. However, the kinetics of eosinophil recruitment and the development of AHR are not fully delineated. Airway function was monitored by changes in lung resistance (RL) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) to methacholine (MCh) inhalation after anti-VLA-4. After ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and airway challenge of BALB/c mice, AHR increased as did the number of lung inflammatory cells. Administration of anti-VLA-4 to sensitized mice 2 h before the first (of three) OVA airway challenges significantly prevented changes in RL. Moreover, injection of the antibody from 2 h before the first challenge to 42 h after the last challenge significantly prevented the increases in RL, as well as eosinophil and lymphocyte numbers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); interleukin-5 (IL-5) and leukotriene concentrations in BALF were also significantly inhibited. Interestingly, treatment with anti-VLA-4 only prevented changes in Cdyn and goblet cell hyperplasia when administered 2 h before the first challenge. These studies demonstrate that the timing of anti-VLA-4 administration can selectively affect pathologic processes that contribute to altered airway function in the central and peripheral airways after allergen challenge.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Issue number||3 I|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine