Time dependent influence of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was examined after 90 min of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Treatment with GDNF significantly reduced the infarct volume stained with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) when GDNF was topically applied at 0 and 1 h of reperfusion, but became insignificant at 3 h as compared to vehicle group. The protective effect of GDNF was closely related to the significant reduction of the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick end labeling (TUNEL) positive cells as well as immunofluorescently positive cells for active forms of caspases, especially active caspase-3 but not -9. Thus, the present study showed that topical application of GDNF significantly reduced infarct size in a time-dependent manner, while the therapeutic time window was shorter than other chemical compounds such as an NMDA receptor antagonist (MK-801) and a free radical scavenger (alpha-phenyl-tert-butyl-nitrone, PBN). The effect of GDNF was stronger in suppressing active caspase-3 than active caspase-9.
- Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)
- Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick end labeling (TUNEL)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology