Background To compare the plain knee radiograph finding of tibial eminence width between knees with complete discoid lateral meniscus, incomplete discoid lateral meniscus, and normal lateral meniscus. Materials and methods The study included 27 knees with discoid lateral meniscus, including 13 knees with complete discoid lateral meniscus and 14 knees with incomplete discoid lateral meniscus. A control group of 14 knees with normal lateral meniscus was also included. Tibial eminence width and the lateral slope angle of the medial tibial eminence were assessed using plain frontal knee radiographs. Individual differences in knee size were corrected by dividing tibial eminence width by tibial width to obtain the tibial eminence width percentage. Results Mean tibial eminence width and tibial eminence width percentage in the complete discoid lateral meniscus group was significant larger than other groups. Mean lateral slope angle in the complete discoid lateral meniscus group was significantly smaller than other groups. A tibial eminence width cut-off of 13.9 mm showed a sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 83%, respectively. A tibial eminence width percentage cut-off of 18.8% showed a sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 90%, respectively. A lateral slope angle cut-off of 27.1° showed a sensitivity and specificity of 71% and 83%, respectively. Conclusion There were clear differences in tibial eminence width, tibial eminence width percentage, and lateral slope angle between the complete discoid lateral meniscus group and the other groups. The plain radiographic parameters identified by this study could be useful for complete discoid lateral meniscus screening. Study design Clinical.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine