Pre-bending effects of Nb3Sn composite wires, enhancement in Jc at the as-cooled condition and Jc peak, Jcm, against applied tensile strain, are well known in especially Cu-Nb reinforced Cu stabilized Nb3Sn wire. In an attempt to understand the effects, three directional strain analyses using FEM were studied by considering thermally-induced residual strain due to temperature difference between the reaction temperature and the cryogenic temperatures including the pre-bending process at room temperature for three types of Nb3Sn composite wires. To evaluate effects of change in three directional strain, the von Mises strain was introduced. As a result, the minimum von Mises strain against the applied tensile strain corresponded to Jcm ; low strain shows Jcm enhancement by the pre-bending for Cu-Nb reinforced Nb3Sn wire. It was found that there is a direct correlation between the minimum von Mises strain and Jcm related to the pre-bending.
- Composite superconductor
- Three-directional strain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering