Thermally Driven Elastic Micromachines

Yuto Hosaka, Kento Yasuda, Isamu Sou, Ryuichi Okamoto, Shigeyuki Komura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We discuss the directional motion of an elastic three-sphere micromachine in which the spheres are in equilibrium with independent heat baths having different temperatures. Even in the absence of prescribed motion of springs, such a micromachine can gain net motion purely because of thermal fluctuations. A relation connecting the average velocity and the temperatures of the spheres is analytically obtained. This velocity can also be expressed in terms of the average heat flows in the steady state. Our model suggests a new mechanism for the locomotion of micromachines in nonequilibrium biological systems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number113801
    Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
    Volume86
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2017

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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