Thermal degradation of PE and PS mixed with ABS-Br and debromination of pyrolysis oil by Fe- and Ca-based catalysts

Mihai Brebu, Thallada Bhaskar, Kazuya Murai, Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata, Md Azhar Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer mixtures containing 8g of high density polyethylene (PE) or polystyrene (PS) and 2g of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer containing a polybrominated epoxy type flame retardant (ABS-Br) were thermally degraded at 450°C. FeOOH and two carbon composites based on iron (Fe-C) and calcium (Ca-C) were used for catalytic decomposition and their effect on the bromine and nitrogen amount and distribution in pyrolysis oil was determined by GC-AED analysis. It was found that iron-based catalysts removed bromine from pyrolysis oil and decreased the nitrogen amount converting nitrile compounds into ammonia. Calcium carbon composite had lower effect especially on the pyrolysis of PS/ABS-Br mixture. These liquid products can be used as fuel oil or feedstock in petroleum refinery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-467
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Carbon composite
  • Catalytic decomposition
  • Debromination
  • PE/ABS-Br
  • PS/ABS-Br

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this