Thermal conductivity in the Bose-Einstein condensed state of triplons in the bond-alternating spin-chain system Pb2V3O9

Mitsuhide Sato, Takayuki Kawamata, Naoki Sugawara, Naoto Kaneko, Masanori Uesaka, Kazutaka Kudo, Norio Kobayashi, Yoji Koike

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In order to clarify the origin of the enhancement of the thermal conductivity in the Bose-Einstein Condensed (BEC) state of field-induced triplons, we have measured the thermal conductivity along the [101] direction parallel to spin-chains, κ||[101], and perpendicular to spin-chains, κ⊥[101], of the S=1/2 bond-alternating spin-chain system Pb2V3O9 in magnetic fields up to 14 T. With increasing field at 3 K, it has been found that both κ||[101] and κ⊥[101] are suppressed in the gapped normal state in low fields. In the BEC state of field-induced triplons in high fields, on the other hand, κ||[101] is enhanced with increasing field, while κ⊥[101] is suppressed. That is, the thermal conductivity along the direction, where the magnetic interaction is strong, is markedly enhanced in the BEC state. Accordingly, our results suggest that the enhancement of κ ||[101] in the BEC state is caused by the enhancement of the thermal conductivity due to triplons on the basis of the two-fluid model, as in the case of the superfluid state of liquid 4He.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022054
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue numberSECTION 2
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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