Thermal conductivity in the Bose-Einstein condensed state of TlCuCl 3

K. Kudo, M. Yamazaki, T. Kawamata, T. Noji, Y. Koike, T. Nishizaki, N. Kobayashi, H. Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the thermal conductivity of a TlCuCl3 single crystal in magnetic fields up to 14 T. It has been found that the temperature-dependence of the thermal conductivity along the [2 01] direction exhibits a sharp peak at 4 K in zero field, which is attributed to enhancement of the thermal conductivity due to phonons or magnons on account of the formation of a spin-gap state. In high magnetic fields above 7 T, on the other hand, it has been found that another sharp peak appears around 4 K. The temperature, where the thermal conductivity rapidly increases with decreasing temperature, is in good agreement with the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature. Accordingly, it is concluded that the peak in high magnetic fields above 7 T is due to large contribution to the thermal conductivity of magnons whose mean free path becomes drastically long owing to the suppression of the magnon-magnon scattering rate in the Bose-Einstein condensed state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-215
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume272-276
Issue numberI
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bose-Einstein condensation
  • Magnon
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Kudo, K., Yamazaki, M., Kawamata, T., Noji, T., Koike, Y., Nishizaki, T., Kobayashi, N., & Tanaka, H. (2004). Thermal conductivity in the Bose-Einstein condensed state of TlCuCl 3. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 272-276(I), 214-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2003.12.419