Therapeutic Cell-Cycle-Decoy Efficacy of a Telomerase-Dependent Adenovirus in an Orthotopic Model of Chemotherapy-Resistant Human Stomach Carcinomatosis Peritonitis Visualized With FUCCI Imaging

Shuya Yano, Kiyoto Takehara, Hiroshi Tazawa, Hiroyuki Kishimoto, Yasuo Urata, Shunsuke Kagawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Robert M. Hoffman

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Abstract

We have established an orthotopic nude-mouse model of gastric cancer carcinomatosis peritonitis, a recalcitrant disease in human patients. Human MKN45 poorly-differentiated human gastric cancer cells developed carcinomatosis peritonitis upon orthotopic transplantation in nude mice. The MKN45 cells expressed the fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator (FUCCI) that color codes the phases of the cell cycle. The intra-peritoneal tumors and ascites contained mostly quiescent G1/Go cancer cells visualized as red by FUCCI imaging. Cisplatinum (CDDP) treatment did not reduce bloody ascites, and larger tumors formed in the peritoneal cavity after CDDP treatment in an early-stage carcinomatosis peritonitis orthotopic mouse model. Paclitaxel-treated mice had reduced ascites, but also had large tumor masses in the peritonium after treatment with cancer cells mostly in G0/G1, visualized by FUCCI red. In contrast, OBP-301 telomerase-dependent adenovirus-treated mice had no ascites and only small tumor nodules consisting of cancer cells mostly in S/G2 phases in the early-stage carcinomatosis peritonitis model, visualized by FUCCI green. Furthermore, OBP-301 significantly reduced the size of tumors (P < 0.01) and ascites even in a late-stage carcinomatosis peritonitis model. These results suggest that quiescent peritoneally-disseminated gastric cancer cells are resistant to conventional chemotherapy, but OBP-301 significantly reduced the weight of the tumors and increased survival, suggesting clinical potential. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3635–3642, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3635-3642
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume118
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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Keywords

  • ADENOVIRUS
  • CARCINOMATOSIS PERITONITIS
  • CELL CYCLE
  • CISPLATINUM
  • FUCCI
  • GASTRIC CANCER
  • IMAGING
  • NUDE MICE
  • ORTHOTOPIC
  • PACLITAXEL
  • TELOMERASE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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