Theranostics in oncology—thriving, now more than ever

Rudolf A. Werner, Takahiro Higuchi, Martin G. Pomper, Steven P. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tracing its roots back to the 1940s, theranostics in nuclear oncology has proved successful mainly due to the beneficial effects of image-guided therapeutic concepts for patients afflicted with a variety of different cancers. The majority of these treatments are not only characterized by substantial prolongation of progression-free and overall survival, but are also generally safe, rendering theranos-tic agents as an attractive treatment option in various clinical scenarios in oncology. In this Special Issue Novel Theranostic Agents, nine original articles from around the globe provide further evidence on the use of the theranostic concept for neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN), prostate cancer (PC), meningioma, and neuroblastoma. The investigated diagnostic and therapeutic radiotracers target not only established structures, such as somatostatin receptor, prostate-specific membrane antigen or norepinephrine transporter, but also recently emerging targets such as the C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4. Moreover, the presented original articles also combine the concept of theranostics with in-depth read-out techniques such as radiomics or novel reconstruction algorithms on pretherapeutic scans, e.g., for outcome prediction. Even 80 years after its initial clinical introduction, theranostics in oncology continues to thrive, now more than ever.

Original languageEnglish
Article number805
JournalDiagnostics
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 29 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Meningioma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN)
  • Neuroendocrine tumors (NET)
  • Norepinephrine transporter
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)
  • Somatostatin receptor (SSTR)
  • Theranostics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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