The within- and between-laboratories reproducibility and predictive capacity of Amino acid Derivative Reactivity Assay using 4 mM test chemical solution: Results of ring study implemented at five participating laboratories

Masaharu Fujita, Yusuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Wanibuchi, Shinichi Watanabe, Hiroaki Yamaga, Koji Wakabayashi, Yu Tahara, Nobuyuki Horie, Keiichi Fujimoto, Kazuya Takeuchi, Kohei Kamiya, Tsuyoshi Kawakami, Kohichi Kojima, Takashi Sozu, Hajime Kojima, Toshihiko Kasahara, Atsushi Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amino acid derivative reactivity assay (ADRA) for skin sensitization was adopted as an alternative method in the 2019 OECD Guideline for the Testing of Chemicals (OECD TG 442C). The molar ratio of the nucleophilic reagent to the test chemicals in the reaction solution was set to 1:50. Imamura et al. reported that changing this molar ratio from 1:50 to 1:200 reduced in false negatives and improved prediction accuracy. Hence, a ring study using ADRA with 4 mM of a test chemical solution (ADRA, 4 mM) was conducted at five different laboratories to verify within- and between-laboratory reproducibilities (WLR and BLR, respectively). In this study, we investigated the WLR and BLR using 14 test chemicals grouped into three classes: (1) eight proficiency substances, (2) four test chemicals that showed false negatives in the ADRA with 1 mM test chemical solution (ADRA, 1 mM), but correctly positive in ADRA (4 mM), and (3) current positive control (phenylacetaldehyde) and a new additional positive control (squaric acid diethyl ester). The results showed 100% reproducibility and 100% accuracy for skin sensitization. Hence, it is clear that the ADRA (4 mM) is an excellent test method in contrast to the currently used ADRA (1 mM). We plan to resubmit the ADRA (4 mM) test method to the OECD Test Guideline Group in the near future so that OECD TG 442C could be revised for the convenience and benefit of many ADRA users.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • ADRA (4 mM)
  • amino acid derivative reactivity assay (ADRA)
  • between-laboratory reproducibility (BLR)
  • predictive capacity
  • proficiency substances
  • ring study
  • within-laboratory reproducibility (WLR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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