The use of the muscle relaxant in the intensive care unit

Hideki Nakatsuka, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tetsufumi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the intensive care unit (ICU), neuromuscular blocking agent (NMBA) is occasionally used with sedatives and/or analgesics, for the management of mechanically-ventilated critically ill patients. For its application in ICU, close attention should be paid on the side effects unlikely seen during operation because the basal conditions of ICU patients are more serious and its infusion period is likely to be long. There have been reports of the prolonged weakness after the long term use of NMBA. The incidence of prolonged weakness increases when a corticosteroid is applied concurrently. These side effects are associated with increases in ICU and hospital stays, and health-care costs. Strategy should be focused on its prevention. For example, routine monitoring with peripheral nerve stimulation and titration to the minimum dose of requirement, are relevant and effective. The application of NMBA in ICU is reviewed and rocuronium recently placed on market is within the scope of this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-859
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Volume57
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Keywords

  • Intensive care unit
  • Neuromuscular blocking agent
  • Prolonged paralysis
  • Rocuronium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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