The tungsten isotopic composition of Eoarchean rocks: Implications for early silicate differentiation and core-mantle interaction on Earth

Tsuyoshi Iizuka, Shun'ichi Nakai, Yu Vin Sahoo, Asako Takamasa, Takafumi Hirata, Shigenori Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured 182W/184W for Eoarchean rocks from the Itsaq Gneiss Complex (3.8-3.7 Ga pillow meta-basalts, a meta-tonalite, and meta-sediments) and Acasta Gneiss Complex (4.0-3.6 Ga felsic orthogneisses) to assess possible W isotopic heterogeneity within the silicate Earth and to constrain W isotopic evolution of the mantle. The data reveal that 182W/184W values in the Eoarchean samples are uniform within the analytical error and indistinguishable from the modern accessible mantle signature, suggesting that the W isotopic composition of the upper mantle has not changed significantly since the Eoarchean era. The results imply either that chemical communication between the mantle and core has been insignificant in post-Hadean times, or that a lowermost mantle with a distinctive W isotope signature has been isolated from mantle convective cycling. Most terrestrial rock samples have a 0.2ε 142Nd/144Nd higher than the chondrite average. This requires either the presence of a hidden enriched reservoir formed within the first 30 Ma of the Solar System, or the bulk Earth having a ∼ 5% higher Sm/Nd than the chondrite average. We explored the relevance of the 182Hf-182W isotope system to the 146Sm-142Nd isotope system during early silicate differentiation events on Earth. In this context, we demonstrate that the lack of resolvable 182W excesses in the Itsaq rocks, despite 142Nd excesses compared to the modern accessible mantle, is more consistent with the view that the bulk Earth has a non-chondritic Sm/Nd. In the non-chondritic Sm/Nd Earth model, the 182W-142Nd chronometry constrains the age of the source mantle depletion for the Itsaq samples to more than ∼ 40 Ma after the Solar System origin. Our results cannot confirm the previous report of 182W anomalies in the Eoarchean Itsaq meta-sediments, which were interpreted as reflecting an impact-derived meteoritic component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-200
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume291
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acasta
  • Hadean
  • Itsaq
  • late heavy bombardment
  • magma ocean
  • Nd isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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