The thermodynamic stability of clathrate hydrate. Encaging non-spherical propane molecules

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermodynamic stability of a clathrate hydrate encaging non-spherical molecules has been investigated by examining the free energy of cage occupancy. In the present study, a generalized van der Waals and Platteeuw theory is extended to treat the rotational motion of guest molecules in clathrate hydrate cages. The vibrational free energy of both guest and host molecules is divided into harmonic and anharmonic contributions. The anharmonic free energy associated with the non-spherical nature of the guest molecules is evaluated as a perturbation from the spherical guest. Predicted thermodynamic properties are compared with measured values. It is shown that this anharmonic contribution is important in the free energy of the hindered rotation of the guests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume220
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 8 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Propane
clathrates
Hydrates
propane
hydrates
Free energy
Thermodynamic stability
free energy
thermodynamics
Molecules
molecules
Thermodynamic properties
thermodynamic properties
harmonics
perturbation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

The thermodynamic stability of clathrate hydrate. Encaging non-spherical propane molecules. / Tanaka, Hideki.

In: Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 220, No. 6, 08.08.1994, p. 371-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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