The synovial expression and serum levels of interleukin-6, interleukin- 11, leukemia inhibitory factor, and oncostatin M in rheumatoid arthritis

Hideyuki Okamoto, Masahiro Yamamura, Yoshitaka Morita, Seishi Harada, Hirofumi Makino, Zensuke Ota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

200 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To determine the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-61, IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and oncostatin M (OSM) and their major cellular sources in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, as well as the correlation of circulating levels of these IL-6-type cytokines and C- reactive protein (CRP). Methods. Messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels for IL-6, IL-11, LIF, and OSM were determined by using reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Results. Cells isolated from the synovium of RA patients expressed mRNA for IL-6, IL-11, LIF, and OSM at higher levels than did synovial cells from osteoarthritis (OA) patients, and spontaneously released greater quantities of these proteins in culture. Fibroblast cell lines derived from RA synovium were able to produce IL-6, IL-11, and LIF, but not OSM, when stimulated with IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor α. OSM was found to be produced spontaneously by synovial tissue macrophages. IL-6, IL-11, LIF, and OSM were present in synovial fluid from the RA patients; levels of IL-6, LIF, and OSM were present in significantly greater quantities in RA patients than in OA patients. However, only IL-6 was significantly elevated in the serum of RA patients and correlated with the serum CRP level, while other IL- 6-type cytokines were not detected. Conclusion. IL-6, IL-11, LIF, and OSM are all produced in large amounts at the site of disease activity, but IL-6 derived from synovial fibroblasts may be the major hormone-like mediator that induces the hepatic synthesis of acute-phase proteins in RA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1105
Number of pages10
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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