The structure analyses of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS measurements.

M. Okuno, F. Marumo, T. Sakamaki, S. Hosoya, M. Miyake

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Abstract

The short-range structures of NaGaSi3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses, which have feldspar structures in crystalline phases, have been determined by XRD and EXAFS spectroscopy techniques. The X-ray radial distribution functions showed coordination numbers of T atoms (T=Si,Al,Ge,Ga) of = or >4 in the glasses. Correspondingly, the T-O distances in NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by X-ray radial distribution analyses are a little larger than those of NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 feldspars. The Ge-O and Ga-O distances of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by EXAFS spectroscopy are also a little longer than those in low-quartz type GeO2 and in GaO4 tetrahedra of beta -Ga2O3, respectively. If the Si-O and Al-O distances are 1.61 and 1.75 A respectively, the T-O distances obtained from EXAFS analyses are considered to agree with the values determined by X-ray radial distribution analyses. These results suggest that the structures of the glasses are essentially based on GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra and contain a small amount of GeO6 and GaO6 octahedra. The radial distribution functions of these glasses are well interpreted by model structures with cristobalite type linkages of GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra. The long-range order diminishes from NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 to NaGaGe3O8 glasses in this order; the densities approach those of the corresponding feldspar crystals in the same order.-T.Y.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-121
Number of pages21
JournalMineralogical Journal (Japan)
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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glass
X-ray diffraction
radial distribution
diffraction
tetrahedrons
x rays
feldspar
distribution functions
spectroscopy
cristobalite
feldspars
coordination number
linkages
quartz
crystal
distribution
crystals
atoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

The structure analyses of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS measurements. / Okuno, M.; Marumo, F.; Sakamaki, T.; Hosoya, S.; Miyake, M.

In: Mineralogical Journal (Japan), Vol. 12, No. 3, 1984, p. 101-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okuno, M, Marumo, F, Sakamaki, T, Hosoya, S & Miyake, M 1984, 'The structure analyses of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS measurements.', Mineralogical Journal (Japan), vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 101-121.
Okuno, M. ; Marumo, F. ; Sakamaki, T. ; Hosoya, S. ; Miyake, M. / The structure analyses of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS measurements. In: Mineralogical Journal (Japan). 1984 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 101-121.
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abstract = "The short-range structures of NaGaSi3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses, which have feldspar structures in crystalline phases, have been determined by XRD and EXAFS spectroscopy techniques. The X-ray radial distribution functions showed coordination numbers of T atoms (T=Si,Al,Ge,Ga) of = or >4 in the glasses. Correspondingly, the T-O distances in NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by X-ray radial distribution analyses are a little larger than those of NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 feldspars. The Ge-O and Ga-O distances of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by EXAFS spectroscopy are also a little longer than those in low-quartz type GeO2 and in GaO4 tetrahedra of beta -Ga2O3, respectively. If the Si-O and Al-O distances are 1.61 and 1.75 A respectively, the T-O distances obtained from EXAFS analyses are considered to agree with the values determined by X-ray radial distribution analyses. These results suggest that the structures of the glasses are essentially based on GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra and contain a small amount of GeO6 and GaO6 octahedra. The radial distribution functions of these glasses are well interpreted by model structures with cristobalite type linkages of GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra. The long-range order diminishes from NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 to NaGaGe3O8 glasses in this order; the densities approach those of the corresponding feldspar crystals in the same order.-T.Y.",
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T1 - The structure analyses of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS measurements.

AU - Okuno, M.

AU - Marumo, F.

AU - Sakamaki, T.

AU - Hosoya, S.

AU - Miyake, M.

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - The short-range structures of NaGaSi3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses, which have feldspar structures in crystalline phases, have been determined by XRD and EXAFS spectroscopy techniques. The X-ray radial distribution functions showed coordination numbers of T atoms (T=Si,Al,Ge,Ga) of = or >4 in the glasses. Correspondingly, the T-O distances in NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by X-ray radial distribution analyses are a little larger than those of NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 feldspars. The Ge-O and Ga-O distances of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by EXAFS spectroscopy are also a little longer than those in low-quartz type GeO2 and in GaO4 tetrahedra of beta -Ga2O3, respectively. If the Si-O and Al-O distances are 1.61 and 1.75 A respectively, the T-O distances obtained from EXAFS analyses are considered to agree with the values determined by X-ray radial distribution analyses. These results suggest that the structures of the glasses are essentially based on GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra and contain a small amount of GeO6 and GaO6 octahedra. The radial distribution functions of these glasses are well interpreted by model structures with cristobalite type linkages of GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra. The long-range order diminishes from NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 to NaGaGe3O8 glasses in this order; the densities approach those of the corresponding feldspar crystals in the same order.-T.Y.

AB - The short-range structures of NaGaSi3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses, which have feldspar structures in crystalline phases, have been determined by XRD and EXAFS spectroscopy techniques. The X-ray radial distribution functions showed coordination numbers of T atoms (T=Si,Al,Ge,Ga) of = or >4 in the glasses. Correspondingly, the T-O distances in NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by X-ray radial distribution analyses are a little larger than those of NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 feldspars. The Ge-O and Ga-O distances of NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 and NaGaGe3O8 glasses obtained by EXAFS spectroscopy are also a little longer than those in low-quartz type GeO2 and in GaO4 tetrahedra of beta -Ga2O3, respectively. If the Si-O and Al-O distances are 1.61 and 1.75 A respectively, the T-O distances obtained from EXAFS analyses are considered to agree with the values determined by X-ray radial distribution analyses. These results suggest that the structures of the glasses are essentially based on GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra and contain a small amount of GeO6 and GaO6 octahedra. The radial distribution functions of these glasses are well interpreted by model structures with cristobalite type linkages of GeO4 and GaO4 tetrahedra. The long-range order diminishes from NaGaSi3O8, NaAlGe3O8 to NaGaGe3O8 glasses in this order; the densities approach those of the corresponding feldspar crystals in the same order.-T.Y.

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