Background and Aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is performed as one of standard treatments for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) and superficial esophageal squamous cancer (SESCC). A prototype of a flexible endoscope with a 3-D system has been recently developed. This study aimed to investigate the safety and feasibility of ESD using a 3-D flexible endoscope (3-D ESD) for EGC and SESCC. Methods: This single-center, prospective, observational study enrolled patients who underwent planned 3-D ESD. The clinical outcomes, including the incidence of adverse events and treatment results, were analyzed. Visibility and manipulation during 3-D ESD were evaluated using a visual analog scale (VAS). We also evaluated the effect of the 3-D system on the endoscopist using VAS and the critical flicker fusion frequency (CFFF). Results: We analyzed 47 EGC and 20 SESCC cases. There are no bleeding cases that required transfusion and perforation during 3-D ESD in both EGC and SESCC patients. However, the incidence of delayed bleeding and delayed perforation was 1.5% (one case) each. The mean VAS scores for recognizing the submucosal layer during the submucosal dissection, visual perception of blood vessel, and depth perception were 72.7 ± 22.2, 74.7 ± 21.8, and 78.2 ± 19.9, respectively. In contrast, the mean VAS score for manipulation was 25.4 ± 19.7. Among endoscopists, there was no significant difference in the VAS of eyestrain and headache before and after ESD, and there was no significant difference in the CFFF. Conclusion: The safety and feasibility of 3-D ESD for EGC and SESCC are acceptable in both patients and endoscopists.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2022|
- Early gastric cancer
- Endoscopic submucosal dissection using a flexible three-dimensional endoscope (3-D ESD)
- Superficial esophageal cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas