The root growth reduction in response to mechanical stress involves ethylene-mediated microtubule reorganization and transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in Arabidopsis

Takashi Okamoto, Shogo Takatani, Hiroyasu Motose, Hidetoshi Iida, Taku Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Key message: We found that mutations in a Ca2+-permeable mechanosensitive channel MCA1, an ethylene-regulated microtubule-associated protein WDL5, and a versatile co-receptor BAK1 affect root growth response to mechanical stress. Abstract: Plant root tips exposed to mechanical impedance show a temporal reduction in the elongation growth. The process involves a transient Ca2+ increase in the cytoplasm followed by ethylene signaling. To dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying this response, we examined the root growth of a series of Arabidopsis mutants with potentially altered response to mechanical stress after transfer from vertical to horizontal plates that were covered by dialysis membrane as an impedance. Among the plant hormone-response mutants tested, the ethylene-insensitive mutant ein3 was confirmed to show no growth reduction after the transfer. The root growth reduction was attenuated in a mutant of MCA1 encoding a Ca2+-permeable mechanosensitive channel and that of WDL5 encoding an ethylene-regulated microtubule-associated protein. We also found that the growth reduction was enhanced in a mutant of BAK1 encoding a co-receptor that pairs with numerous leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases to modulate growth and immunity. These results suggest the root growth reduction in response to mechanical stress involves ethylene-mediated microtubule reorganization and also transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Cell Reports
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis
  • Calcium channel
  • Ethylene
  • Mechanical impedance
  • Microtubule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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