We examined the effects of the mutual substitution of amino acid residues at positions 216 and 219 between rat CYP2D1 and CYP2D2 on their microsomal contents and enzymatic functions using a yeast cell expression system and 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT) as a substrate. CYP2D1 has amino acid residues, leucine and valine, at positions of 216 and 219, respectively, whereas CYP2D2 has phenylalanine and aspartic acid at the same positions. In reduced carbon monoxide-difference spectroscopic analysis, the substitution of Asp-219 of CYP2D2 by valine markedly increased a peak at 450 nm and concomitantly decreased a peak at 420 nm, while the replacement of Phe-216 of CYP2D2 with leucine gave no observable change. The double substitution of Phe-216 and Asp-219 by leucine and valine, respectively, yielded a typical CYP spectrum. The substitution of Val-219 of CYP2D1 by aspartic acid decreased the CYP content to one-half, whereas the replacement of Leu-216 with phenylalanine did not have any effect. The double substitution of Leu-216 and Val-219 of CYP2D1 by phenylalanine and aspartic acid, respectively, diminished the CYP content by 90%. CYP2D1 catalyzed both 5-MeO-DIPT N-deisopropylation and O-demethylation at relatively low levels, while CYP2D2 catalyzed 5-MeO-DIPT O-demethylation efficiently. The substitution of the amino acid at position 216 substantially increased 5-MeO-DIPT oxidation activities of the two CYP2D enzymes. The replacement of the amino acid at position 219 increased the 5-MeO-DIPT O- and N-dealkylation activities of CYP2D1, whereas it decreased the 5-MeO-DIPT O-demethylation activity of CYP2D2. These results indicate that amino acid residues at positions 216 and 219 have important roles in the enzymatic functions of rat CYP2D1 and CYP2D2.
- Amino acids at positions 216 and 219
- Protein stability
- Site-directed mutagenesis
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