The results from BESS-Polar experiment

K. Abe, H. Fuke, S. Haino, T. Hams, M. Hasegawa, K. C. Kim, M. H. Lee, Y. Makida, J. W. Mitchell, J. Nishimura, M. Nozaki, R. Orito, J. F. Ormes, N. Picot-Clemente, K. Sakai, M. Sasaki, E. S. Seo, R. E. Streitmatter, J. Suzuki, K. TanakaN. Thakur, A. Yamamoto, T. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The balloon-borne experiment with a superconducting spectrometer (BESS) instrument was developed as a high-resolution, high-geometric-acceptance magnetic-rigidity spectrometer for sensitive measurements of cosmic-ray antiparticles, searches for antinuclei, and precise measurements of the absolute fluxes of light GCR elements and isotopes. The original BESS experiment flew 8 times over Lynn Lake, Canada and once from Fort Sumner, USA during the period of 1993 through 2002, with continuous improvement in the instrument. Based on the instrument concept inherited from the BESS spectrometer, a very low instrumental energy cutoff for antiprotons was achieved with a new thin-walled superconducting magnet and removal of the outer pressure vessel for BESS-Polar project. The first and second scientific flights called BESS-Polar I/II were successfully performed, over Antarctica in 2004 December and 2007 December respectively. We report the scientific results, focusing on the long-duration flights of BESS-Polar I (2004) and BESS-Polar II (2007–2008).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-814
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2017

Keywords

  • Antimatter
  • Antiproton
  • Cosmic rays
  • Helium
  • Primordial black hole
  • Proton
  • Solar modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Abe, K., Fuke, H., Haino, S., Hams, T., Hasegawa, M., Kim, K. C., Lee, M. H., Makida, Y., Mitchell, J. W., Nishimura, J., Nozaki, M., Orito, R., Ormes, J. F., Picot-Clemente, N., Sakai, K., Sasaki, M., Seo, E. S., Streitmatter, R. E., Suzuki, J., ... Yoshimura, K. (2017). The results from BESS-Polar experiment. Advances in Space Research, 60(4), 806-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.11.004