The result of extended thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis of pure ocular type

D. S. Yang, K. Nakahara, K. Ohno, J. Hashimoto, H. Maeda, S. Miyoshi, A. Matsumura, T. Mizuta, A. Akashi, Y. Kawashima

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Abstract

We studied postoperative status of 14 patients with myasthenia gravis of ocular type who underwent extended thymectomy. Nine patients were in remission, three improved, and two unchanged. No patient became worse and died. The remission rates at one, three, five, and ten years after operation were 50.0%, 58.3%, 60.0%, and 80.0%. The palliation rates at one, three, five, and ten years after operation were 64.3%, 75.0%, 80.0%, and 100%. The remission rate at one year after operation in patients of ocular type was significantly (p less than 0.05) higher than that in generalized type (191 patients). The mean preoperative duration of symptoms in patients who obtained remission after surgery was 7.2 +/- 6.5 months, while mean duration was 85.6 +/- 45.8 months in those patients who could not obtain remission, indicating a significant difference (p less than 0.05) of duration of symptoms between two groups. Among 89 patients with generalized as well as ocular symptoms before extended thymectomy, 62 patients (69.7%) still complained of ocular symptoms and 48 patients (53.9%) had generalized symptoms with or without ocular symptoms in 1 to 12 years after operation. This result shows that ocular symptoms do not disappear more easily than generalized ones. We conclude that extended thymectomy should be performed even in patients with myasthenia gravis of pure ocular type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery
Volume37
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Yang, D. S., Nakahara, K., Ohno, K., Hashimoto, J., Maeda, H., Miyoshi, S., Matsumura, A., Mizuta, T., Akashi, A., & Kawashima, Y. (1989). The result of extended thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis of pure ocular type. Journal of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery, 37(2), 313-317.