The relationship between uterine, fecal, bedding, and airborne dust microbiota from dairy cows and their environment: A pilot study

Thuong T. Nguyen, Ayumi Miyake, Tu T.M. Tran, Takeshi Tsuruta, Naoki Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to characterize uterine, fecal, bedding, and airborne dust microbiota from postpartum dairy cows and their environment. The cows were managed by the free-stall housing system, and samples for microbiota and serum metabolite assessment were collected during summer and winter when the cows were at one and two months postpartum. Uterine microbiota varied between seasons; the five most prevalent taxa were Enterobacteriaceae, Moraxellaceae, Ruminococcaceae, Staphylococcaceae, and Lactobacillaceae during summer, and Ruminococcaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Bacteroidaceae, Moraxellaceae, and Clostridiaceae during winter. Although Actinomycetaceae and Mycoplasmataceae were detected at high abundance in several uterine samples, the relationship between the uterine microbiota and serum metabolite concentrations was unclear. The fecal microbiota was stable regardless of the season, whereas bedding and airborne dust microbiota varied between summer and winter. With regards to uterine, bedding, and airborne dust microbiota, Enterobacteriaceae, Moraxellaceae, Staphylococcaceae, and Lactobacillaceae were more abundant during summer, and Ruminococcaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Bacteroidaceae, and Clostridiaceae were more abundant during winter. Canonical analysis of principal coordinates confirmed the relationship between uterine and cowshed microbiota. These results indicated that the uterine microbiota may vary when the microbiota in cowshed environments changes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1007
JournalAnimals
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Microbiota
Dust
dust
dairy cows
microorganisms
Moraxellaceae
Staphylococcaceae
Lactobacillaceae
Bacteroidaceae
Clostridiaceae
winter
summer
Enterobacteriaceae
Mycoplasmataceae
Actinomycetaceae
Postpartum Period
metabolites
free stalls
cows
Serum

Keywords

  • Cowshed
  • Environment
  • Microbiota
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

The relationship between uterine, fecal, bedding, and airborne dust microbiota from dairy cows and their environment : A pilot study. / Nguyen, Thuong T.; Miyake, Ayumi; Tran, Tu T.M.; Tsuruta, Takeshi; Nishino, Naoki.

In: Animals, Vol. 9, No. 12, 1007, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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