The relationship between dry matter increase of seed and shoot during the seed-filling period in three kinds of soybeans with different growth habits subjected to shading and thinning

Jin Kakiuchi, Toru Kobata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ratio of dry-matter increase in seed (S) to that in shoot (W), referred to as RS/W, during the seed-filling period may reflect the balance between the assimilate supply and the sink capacity of harvest organs. In the determinate soybean, cv. Tamahomare, RS/W during the seed-filling period was nearly the same under various growing conditions including shading and thinning of plants. Therefore, the S in the determinate soybean seems to correlate with the W under various conditions. However, the correlation of the S with the W in indeterminate soybeans in which shoot growth continues during the seed-filling period is unknown. In this study, three soybean cultivars [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], Tamahomare (determinate), Tozan69 (indeterminate) and Peking (semi-indeterminate), were grown under shading and thinning conditions during the seed-filling period. The RS/W approximated a positive linear regression in the three cultivars. RS/W was approximately 0.5 in each cultivar. Positive correlations were observed between W and S, pod number or total node number in all cultivars. However, the seed number per pod and individual seed weight were not significantly influenced either by shading or thinning in any cultivar. Hence the rate of partition of assimilate to seeds seems to be determined by pod number. Harvest index was stable except when W was extremely low as when plants were heavily shaded. Our results suggested that the RS/W, harvest index and the yield-determining processes of the determinate and the indeterminate soybeans are fundamentally the same.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

growth habit
filling period
thinning (plants)
shade
soybeans
shoots
seeds
cultivars
pods
harvest index
Glycine max

Keywords

  • Determinate
  • Dry matter
  • Harvest Index
  • Indeterminate
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

@article{0a9dd3acf26b445bacac16a10eaa4764,
title = "The relationship between dry matter increase of seed and shoot during the seed-filling period in three kinds of soybeans with different growth habits subjected to shading and thinning",
abstract = "The ratio of dry-matter increase in seed (S) to that in shoot (W), referred to as RS/W, during the seed-filling period may reflect the balance between the assimilate supply and the sink capacity of harvest organs. In the determinate soybean, cv. Tamahomare, RS/W during the seed-filling period was nearly the same under various growing conditions including shading and thinning of plants. Therefore, the S in the determinate soybean seems to correlate with the W under various conditions. However, the correlation of the S with the W in indeterminate soybeans in which shoot growth continues during the seed-filling period is unknown. In this study, three soybean cultivars [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], Tamahomare (determinate), Tozan69 (indeterminate) and Peking (semi-indeterminate), were grown under shading and thinning conditions during the seed-filling period. The RS/W approximated a positive linear regression in the three cultivars. RS/W was approximately 0.5 in each cultivar. Positive correlations were observed between W and S, pod number or total node number in all cultivars. However, the seed number per pod and individual seed weight were not significantly influenced either by shading or thinning in any cultivar. Hence the rate of partition of assimilate to seeds seems to be determined by pod number. Harvest index was stable except when W was extremely low as when plants were heavily shaded. Our results suggested that the RS/W, harvest index and the yield-determining processes of the determinate and the indeterminate soybeans are fundamentally the same.",
keywords = "Determinate, Dry matter, Harvest Index, Indeterminate, Soybean",
author = "Jin Kakiuchi and Toru Kobata",
year = "2006",
month = "5",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1626/pps.9.20",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "20--26",
journal = "Plant Production Science",
issn = "1343-943X",
publisher = "Crop Science Society of Japan",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between dry matter increase of seed and shoot during the seed-filling period in three kinds of soybeans with different growth habits subjected to shading and thinning

AU - Kakiuchi, Jin

AU - Kobata, Toru

PY - 2006/5/5

Y1 - 2006/5/5

N2 - The ratio of dry-matter increase in seed (S) to that in shoot (W), referred to as RS/W, during the seed-filling period may reflect the balance between the assimilate supply and the sink capacity of harvest organs. In the determinate soybean, cv. Tamahomare, RS/W during the seed-filling period was nearly the same under various growing conditions including shading and thinning of plants. Therefore, the S in the determinate soybean seems to correlate with the W under various conditions. However, the correlation of the S with the W in indeterminate soybeans in which shoot growth continues during the seed-filling period is unknown. In this study, three soybean cultivars [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], Tamahomare (determinate), Tozan69 (indeterminate) and Peking (semi-indeterminate), were grown under shading and thinning conditions during the seed-filling period. The RS/W approximated a positive linear regression in the three cultivars. RS/W was approximately 0.5 in each cultivar. Positive correlations were observed between W and S, pod number or total node number in all cultivars. However, the seed number per pod and individual seed weight were not significantly influenced either by shading or thinning in any cultivar. Hence the rate of partition of assimilate to seeds seems to be determined by pod number. Harvest index was stable except when W was extremely low as when plants were heavily shaded. Our results suggested that the RS/W, harvest index and the yield-determining processes of the determinate and the indeterminate soybeans are fundamentally the same.

AB - The ratio of dry-matter increase in seed (S) to that in shoot (W), referred to as RS/W, during the seed-filling period may reflect the balance between the assimilate supply and the sink capacity of harvest organs. In the determinate soybean, cv. Tamahomare, RS/W during the seed-filling period was nearly the same under various growing conditions including shading and thinning of plants. Therefore, the S in the determinate soybean seems to correlate with the W under various conditions. However, the correlation of the S with the W in indeterminate soybeans in which shoot growth continues during the seed-filling period is unknown. In this study, three soybean cultivars [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], Tamahomare (determinate), Tozan69 (indeterminate) and Peking (semi-indeterminate), were grown under shading and thinning conditions during the seed-filling period. The RS/W approximated a positive linear regression in the three cultivars. RS/W was approximately 0.5 in each cultivar. Positive correlations were observed between W and S, pod number or total node number in all cultivars. However, the seed number per pod and individual seed weight were not significantly influenced either by shading or thinning in any cultivar. Hence the rate of partition of assimilate to seeds seems to be determined by pod number. Harvest index was stable except when W was extremely low as when plants were heavily shaded. Our results suggested that the RS/W, harvest index and the yield-determining processes of the determinate and the indeterminate soybeans are fundamentally the same.

KW - Determinate

KW - Dry matter

KW - Harvest Index

KW - Indeterminate

KW - Soybean

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646137378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646137378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1626/pps.9.20

DO - 10.1626/pps.9.20

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646137378

VL - 9

SP - 20

EP - 26

JO - Plant Production Science

JF - Plant Production Science

SN - 1343-943X

IS - 1

ER -