The presence of chronic diseases contributes to the occurrence risk factors for gynecological cancers in Japan

Kazuhiro Okamoto, Keiichiro Nakamura, Hirofumi Matsuoka, Yuko Matsubara, Junko Haraga, Chikako Ogawa, Hisashi Masuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine whether chronic diseases (CD), such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, are occurrence risk factors and affect the survival of patients with gynecological cancers (GC). The correlations between CD and the characteristics and survival of 1,590 GC patients [685 with cervical cancer (CC), 613 with endometrial cancer (EM) and 292 with ovarian cancer (OV)] were investigated in the present study. Of the CD patients, 189 had CC (27.6%), 265 had EM (43.2%) and 72 had OV (24.7%). The incidence of CD increased with age in GC patients. The number of CD patients aged ≥70 years, was 8.6-fold higher in the CC group, 3.0-fold higher in the EM group, and 9.6-fold higher in the OV group compared with those aged <50 years. CD and excess body weight were associated with GC regardless of patient age. However, there was no correlation between CD and survival at any age in GC patients. These findings indicate that CD contribute to >24% of the occurrence risk factors in GC patients in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Clinical Oncology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic diseases
  • Gynecological cancer
  • Occurrence risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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