The oxygen isotope composition of San Carlos olivine on the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scale

Andreas Pack, Ryoji Tanaka, Markus Hering, Sukanya Sengupta, Stefan Peters, Eizou Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale: The precise determination of Δ'17O values in terrestrial material is becoming increasingly important to understand the mass-dependent fractionation processes that cause variations in oxygen isotope ratios. San Carlos olivine is widely used as the reference material for oxygen isotope measurements of terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials. We report new Δ'17O values for San Carlos olivine that were independently determined in two different laboratories (Geoscience Center [GZG], University of Göttingen) and Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior [ISEI], Okayama University, Misasa) in direct comparison with VSMOW2 and SLAP2 water standards. Methods: The δ17O and δ18O values of VSMOW2, SLAP2, GISP, and San Carlos olivine were determined relative to reference gas. In both laboratories, water and San Carlos olivine samples were prepared by BrF5 fluorination. In both laboratories, the O2 released from water and olivine samples was passed through the same purification system and measured using the same mass spectrometer relative to the same reference gas. Results: In both laboratories, the δ17OVSMOW2 and δ18OVSMOW2 scales were slightly compressed with respect to the recommended composition of VSMOW2 and SLAP2. The new Δ'17O0 .528 value (calculated from the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaled δ values) of San Carlos olivine from GZG was −36 ± 9 ppm and, from ISEI, a value of −40 ± 7 ppm (1σ standard deviation) was determined. These values are ~50 ppm higher than previously reported from the same laboratories. Possible causes for the observed discrepancies are discussed. Conclusions: The results of this study in comparison with previous data from the same laboratories demonstrated that for high accuracy determination of Δ'17O values: (i) calibration of the reference gas relative to O2 released from primary standards (VSMOW2, SLAP2) in the same laboratory is highly recommended, (ii) non-linearity of the mass spectrometer may not only affect δ17O and δ18O values but also Δ'17O values, and (iii) the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaling should also be applied to analyses of rocks and minerals. Studies that are concerned with small differences in Δ'17O at similar δ18O values, however, are not affected by non-linearity of the mass spectrometer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1495-1504
Number of pages10
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2016

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Oxygen Isotopes
Chemical analysis
Mass spectrometers
Gases
Water
Earth (planet)
Fluorination
Fractionation
olivine
Purification
Minerals
Rocks
Calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

The oxygen isotope composition of San Carlos olivine on the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scale. / Pack, Andreas; Tanaka, Ryoji; Hering, Markus; Sengupta, Sukanya; Peters, Stefan; Nakamura, Eizou.

In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 15.07.2016, p. 1495-1504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Rationale: The precise determination of Δ'17O values in terrestrial material is becoming increasingly important to understand the mass-dependent fractionation processes that cause variations in oxygen isotope ratios. San Carlos olivine is widely used as the reference material for oxygen isotope measurements of terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials. We report new Δ'17O values for San Carlos olivine that were independently determined in two different laboratories (Geoscience Center [GZG], University of G{\"o}ttingen) and Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior [ISEI], Okayama University, Misasa) in direct comparison with VSMOW2 and SLAP2 water standards. Methods: The δ17O and δ18O values of VSMOW2, SLAP2, GISP, and San Carlos olivine were determined relative to reference gas. In both laboratories, water and San Carlos olivine samples were prepared by BrF5 fluorination. In both laboratories, the O2 released from water and olivine samples was passed through the same purification system and measured using the same mass spectrometer relative to the same reference gas. Results: In both laboratories, the δ17OVSMOW2 and δ18OVSMOW2 scales were slightly compressed with respect to the recommended composition of VSMOW2 and SLAP2. The new Δ'17O0 .528 value (calculated from the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaled δ values) of San Carlos olivine from GZG was −36 ± 9 ppm and, from ISEI, a value of −40 ± 7 ppm (1σ standard deviation) was determined. These values are ~50 ppm higher than previously reported from the same laboratories. Possible causes for the observed discrepancies are discussed. Conclusions: The results of this study in comparison with previous data from the same laboratories demonstrated that for high accuracy determination of Δ'17O values: (i) calibration of the reference gas relative to O2 released from primary standards (VSMOW2, SLAP2) in the same laboratory is highly recommended, (ii) non-linearity of the mass spectrometer may not only affect δ17O and δ18O values but also Δ'17O values, and (iii) the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaling should also be applied to analyses of rocks and minerals. Studies that are concerned with small differences in Δ'17O at similar δ18O values, however, are not affected by non-linearity of the mass spectrometer.",
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AU - Tanaka, Ryoji

AU - Hering, Markus

AU - Sengupta, Sukanya

AU - Peters, Stefan

AU - Nakamura, Eizou

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N2 - Rationale: The precise determination of Δ'17O values in terrestrial material is becoming increasingly important to understand the mass-dependent fractionation processes that cause variations in oxygen isotope ratios. San Carlos olivine is widely used as the reference material for oxygen isotope measurements of terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials. We report new Δ'17O values for San Carlos olivine that were independently determined in two different laboratories (Geoscience Center [GZG], University of Göttingen) and Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior [ISEI], Okayama University, Misasa) in direct comparison with VSMOW2 and SLAP2 water standards. Methods: The δ17O and δ18O values of VSMOW2, SLAP2, GISP, and San Carlos olivine were determined relative to reference gas. In both laboratories, water and San Carlos olivine samples were prepared by BrF5 fluorination. In both laboratories, the O2 released from water and olivine samples was passed through the same purification system and measured using the same mass spectrometer relative to the same reference gas. Results: In both laboratories, the δ17OVSMOW2 and δ18OVSMOW2 scales were slightly compressed with respect to the recommended composition of VSMOW2 and SLAP2. The new Δ'17O0 .528 value (calculated from the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaled δ values) of San Carlos olivine from GZG was −36 ± 9 ppm and, from ISEI, a value of −40 ± 7 ppm (1σ standard deviation) was determined. These values are ~50 ppm higher than previously reported from the same laboratories. Possible causes for the observed discrepancies are discussed. Conclusions: The results of this study in comparison with previous data from the same laboratories demonstrated that for high accuracy determination of Δ'17O values: (i) calibration of the reference gas relative to O2 released from primary standards (VSMOW2, SLAP2) in the same laboratory is highly recommended, (ii) non-linearity of the mass spectrometer may not only affect δ17O and δ18O values but also Δ'17O values, and (iii) the VSMOW2-SLAP2 scaling should also be applied to analyses of rocks and minerals. Studies that are concerned with small differences in Δ'17O at similar δ18O values, however, are not affected by non-linearity of the mass spectrometer.

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