Background/Aims: Postoperative mortality and morbidity rates after hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery remain high, and the number of elderly patients requiring such surgery has been increasing. This study aimed to investigate postoperative outcomes of complex HPB surgery for elderly patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed perioperative data of 721 patients who underwent complex HPB surgery between 2010 and 2015. The patients were divided into 2 groups: elderly (≥75 years) and non-elderly (< 75 years). Surgical outcomes of both groups were compared after propensity score-matching analysis. Subsequently, risk factors for serious postoperative morbidity were identified by multivariate analysis. Results: Before matching, the elderly group (n = 170) had more comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and renal disease, than the non-elderly group (n = 551). Matching yielded elderly (n = 170) and non-elderly groups (n = 170) with similar preoperative backgrounds. The mortality and morbidity rates did not differ significantly between the groups. In multivariate analyses, operative time (OR 1.79; p = 0.005) and blood loss (OR 1.66; p = 0.03) were identified as independent risk factors for serious postoperative morbidity, whereas older age did not have a predictive impact (OR 1.16; p = 0.52). Conclusions: Although elderly patients had more comorbidities and higher incidences of postoperative mortality and several complications before matching, their postoperative outcomes were equivalent to those of non-elderly patients after matching.
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