The origin and hydrochemistry of deep well waters from the northern foot of Mt. Fuji, central Japan

Muga Yaguchi, Yoichi Muramatsu, Hitoshi Chiba, Fumiaki Okumura, Takeshi Ohba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The major chemical and stable isotopic compositions of hydrogen, oxygen, and sulfur (δD, δ18O, δ34S) were analyzed from water samples of wells and natural springs in the northern foot area of Mt. Fuji and the adjacent Misaka and Tanzawa Mountains to investigate the origin of deep well waters and water-rock interactions that affect the water quality. The water in the samples was considered to have originated through the mixing of meteoric water with very small amounts of altered seawater that had been trapped in the pore spaces in the basement rock, the so-called green tuff formations. The major chemical components of the original waters are considered to be affected by the dissolution of anhydrite and/or gypsum, the weathering of plagioclase, precipitation of calcite, and the cation exchange reaction of smectite. In the distributed volcanic products of Mt. Fuji, the weathering of olivine appears to be an important factor in water quality. The δ34S values of the SO42- ions of well water were higher in the Misaka and Tanzawa Mountains and lower at the foot of Mt. Fuji, indicating the presence of anhydrite/gypsum of different origins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-239
Number of pages13
JournalGeochemical Journal
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Deep well water
  • Formation mechanism
  • Green tuff
  • Northern foot of Mt. Fuji
  • δDδ Oδ S value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

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