The muscular dystrophic chicken is hypernatremic

Noboru Saito, H. Hirayama, K. Yoshimura, Y. Atsumi, M. Mizutani, K. Kinoshita, A. Fujiwara, T. Namikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

1. The E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 (WWP1) gene, the mutation of which causes muscular dystrophy in chickens, is expressed not only in the pectoral muscle, but also in a number of tissues such as the kidney. Therefore, this study examined some parameters related to kidney function in muscular dystrophic (MD) chickens. 2. Plasma osmolality, Na+ and K+ concentrations, aldosterone levels, and the expression of aquaporin (AQP) 2, AQP3, and α subunits of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (αENaC) were analysed in the kidneys of 5-week-old MD chickens and White Leghorn (WL) chickens under physiological conditions or after one day of water deprivation. 3. Plasma osmolality, Na+ concentrations, and plasma aldosterone levels were significantly higher in MD chickens than in WL chickens. αENaC mRNA expression levels were lower in MD chickens than in WL chickens. AQP2 and AQP3 mRNA expression levels were similar in the two strains of chickens. 4. Plasma osmolality correlated with aldosterone levels and AQP2 and αENaC mRNA levels in WL chickens. In MD chickens, plasma osmolality correlated with AQP2 mRNA levels, but not with plasma aldosterone or αENaC mRNA levels. 5. These results suggest that neither water reabsorption nor the expression of AQP2 and AQP3 is impaired in MD chickens and that a WWP1 gene mutation may or may not directly induce an abnormality in Na+-reabsorption in the kidneys of MD chickens, potentially through αENaC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Poultry Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 19 2017

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • kidney
  • osmolality
  • sodium
  • transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Saito, N., Hirayama, H., Yoshimura, K., Atsumi, Y., Mizutani, M., Kinoshita, K., Fujiwara, A., & Namikawa, T. (Accepted/In press). The muscular dystrophic chicken is hypernatremic. British Poultry Science, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2017.1354356