The mechanism of calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerve innervation

Narumi Hashikawa-Hobara, Naoya Hashikawa, Yoshito Zamami, Shingo Takatori, Hiromu Kawasaki

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a major neurotransmitter and CGRP-containing primary sensory neurons play an important role in nociception and potent vasodilation. CGRP-containing nerves in mesenteric arteries are decreased in pathological animal models (hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis). In apolipoprotein E-knockout mice, which have atherosclerosis and peripheral sensory nerve defects, nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated CGRP nerve facilitation was down-regulated, which may have been caused by the impairment of the Akt-NO-cGMP pathway. In addition, NGF-mediated CGRP neurite outgrowth was decreased in fructose-induced insulin-resistant rats. We recently discovered that renin-angiotensin inhibitors improved CGRP innervation in spontaneously hypertensive rats, indicating that rescuing CGRP nerve innervation might improve pathophysiological conditions. To find a novel reagent that facilitates CGRP nerves, a new model, phenol-injured perivascular nerve model rats, was established. Adrenomedullin, hepatocyte growth factor, and angiotensin II type 2 receptor activation induced CGRP nerve distribution in phenol-injured rats. Furthermore, in insulin-resistant model rats, the down-regulation of CGRP nerves was likely due to the depression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent Akt activation. Administration of candesartan improves CGRPergic function via the PI3K-Akt pathway in insulin-resistant rats. Thus, clarification of the mechanisms of CGRP nerve defects may constitute future therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-121
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Keywords

  • Angiotensin II type 2 receptor
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerve
  • Nerve growth factor-mediated neurite outgrowth
  • PI3K-Akt pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Hashikawa-Hobara, N., Hashikawa, N., Zamami, Y., Takatori, S., & Kawasaki, H. (2012). The mechanism of calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerve innervation. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, 119(2), 117-121. https://doi.org/10.1254/jphs.12R02CP