The lithium, boron and strontium isotopic systematics of groundwaters from an arid aquifer system: Implications for recharge and weathering processes

Karina Meredith, Takuya Moriguti, Paul Tomascak, Suzanne Hollins, Eizou Nakamura

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Saline groundwaters are common to inland Australia, but their hydrochemical evolution and origin remain largely unknown. The saline groundwaters in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River have previously been found to exhibit broad similarity in traditional hydrochemical and isotopic tracers. By contrast, in this study the trace element isotopes (δ7Li, δ11B and 87Sr/86Sr) have illuminated more complex hydrogeochemical processes in the same aquifer system. This paper reports the first ever set of δ7Li values in any groundwater system in Australia. They varied from +5.8 to +16.2 with an average value of +9.7‰ (n=19) in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River catchment. The δ11B values were all higher than seawater and close to some of the highest δ11B values ever reported in the literature for a groundwater system (+44.4 to +53.9; average: +48.8, n=17). The 87Sr/86Sr ratios ranged from 0.708 to 0.713, with an average value of 0.709 (n=19). The differing signatures in these trace element isotope values, highlighted by discovery of the deeper older groundwater system with heavier Li isotope values and higher 87Sr/86Sr, is an important finding of this research. Simple mixing models between river water and saline groundwater cannot explain the observed variation in trace element isotopes. Hydrochemical evolution was found to be dependent on proximity to the Darling River and depth. Varying degrees of Li and B isotopic fractionation during water-sediment interaction were interpreted to account for the evolution of the saline groundwaters. The measurement of these trace element isotopes has permitted delineation of groundwater end-members that would have otherwise not been identified; in their absence an inaccurate interpretation of the hydrochemical evolution of these saline groundwaters would have been made. This study highlights the importance of a multi-tracer approach, which includes trace element isotopes, in resolving complex geochemical processes in groundwater in semi-arid to arid zone environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-31
Number of pages12
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013

Fingerprint

Strontium
Boron
Weathering
strontium
lithium
Aquifers
Lithium
boron
Groundwater
recharge
weathering
aquifer
groundwater
Isotopes
Trace Elements
isotope
trace element
Rivers
tracer
river

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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title = "The lithium, boron and strontium isotopic systematics of groundwaters from an arid aquifer system: Implications for recharge and weathering processes",
abstract = "Saline groundwaters are common to inland Australia, but their hydrochemical evolution and origin remain largely unknown. The saline groundwaters in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River have previously been found to exhibit broad similarity in traditional hydrochemical and isotopic tracers. By contrast, in this study the trace element isotopes (δ7Li, δ11B and 87Sr/86Sr) have illuminated more complex hydrogeochemical processes in the same aquifer system. This paper reports the first ever set of δ7Li values in any groundwater system in Australia. They varied from +5.8 to +16.2 with an average value of +9.7‰ (n=19) in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River catchment. The δ11B values were all higher than seawater and close to some of the highest δ11B values ever reported in the literature for a groundwater system (+44.4 to +53.9; average: +48.8, n=17). The 87Sr/86Sr ratios ranged from 0.708 to 0.713, with an average value of 0.709 (n=19). The differing signatures in these trace element isotope values, highlighted by discovery of the deeper older groundwater system with heavier Li isotope values and higher 87Sr/86Sr, is an important finding of this research. Simple mixing models between river water and saline groundwater cannot explain the observed variation in trace element isotopes. Hydrochemical evolution was found to be dependent on proximity to the Darling River and depth. Varying degrees of Li and B isotopic fractionation during water-sediment interaction were interpreted to account for the evolution of the saline groundwaters. The measurement of these trace element isotopes has permitted delineation of groundwater end-members that would have otherwise not been identified; in their absence an inaccurate interpretation of the hydrochemical evolution of these saline groundwaters would have been made. This study highlights the importance of a multi-tracer approach, which includes trace element isotopes, in resolving complex geochemical processes in groundwater in semi-arid to arid zone environments.",
author = "Karina Meredith and Takuya Moriguti and Paul Tomascak and Suzanne Hollins and Eizou Nakamura",
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T1 - The lithium, boron and strontium isotopic systematics of groundwaters from an arid aquifer system

T2 - Implications for recharge and weathering processes

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AU - Hollins, Suzanne

AU - Nakamura, Eizou

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N2 - Saline groundwaters are common to inland Australia, but their hydrochemical evolution and origin remain largely unknown. The saline groundwaters in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River have previously been found to exhibit broad similarity in traditional hydrochemical and isotopic tracers. By contrast, in this study the trace element isotopes (δ7Li, δ11B and 87Sr/86Sr) have illuminated more complex hydrogeochemical processes in the same aquifer system. This paper reports the first ever set of δ7Li values in any groundwater system in Australia. They varied from +5.8 to +16.2 with an average value of +9.7‰ (n=19) in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River catchment. The δ11B values were all higher than seawater and close to some of the highest δ11B values ever reported in the literature for a groundwater system (+44.4 to +53.9; average: +48.8, n=17). The 87Sr/86Sr ratios ranged from 0.708 to 0.713, with an average value of 0.709 (n=19). The differing signatures in these trace element isotope values, highlighted by discovery of the deeper older groundwater system with heavier Li isotope values and higher 87Sr/86Sr, is an important finding of this research. Simple mixing models between river water and saline groundwater cannot explain the observed variation in trace element isotopes. Hydrochemical evolution was found to be dependent on proximity to the Darling River and depth. Varying degrees of Li and B isotopic fractionation during water-sediment interaction were interpreted to account for the evolution of the saline groundwaters. The measurement of these trace element isotopes has permitted delineation of groundwater end-members that would have otherwise not been identified; in their absence an inaccurate interpretation of the hydrochemical evolution of these saline groundwaters would have been made. This study highlights the importance of a multi-tracer approach, which includes trace element isotopes, in resolving complex geochemical processes in groundwater in semi-arid to arid zone environments.

AB - Saline groundwaters are common to inland Australia, but their hydrochemical evolution and origin remain largely unknown. The saline groundwaters in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River have previously been found to exhibit broad similarity in traditional hydrochemical and isotopic tracers. By contrast, in this study the trace element isotopes (δ7Li, δ11B and 87Sr/86Sr) have illuminated more complex hydrogeochemical processes in the same aquifer system. This paper reports the first ever set of δ7Li values in any groundwater system in Australia. They varied from +5.8 to +16.2 with an average value of +9.7‰ (n=19) in the alluvial aquifers of the Darling River catchment. The δ11B values were all higher than seawater and close to some of the highest δ11B values ever reported in the literature for a groundwater system (+44.4 to +53.9; average: +48.8, n=17). The 87Sr/86Sr ratios ranged from 0.708 to 0.713, with an average value of 0.709 (n=19). The differing signatures in these trace element isotope values, highlighted by discovery of the deeper older groundwater system with heavier Li isotope values and higher 87Sr/86Sr, is an important finding of this research. Simple mixing models between river water and saline groundwater cannot explain the observed variation in trace element isotopes. Hydrochemical evolution was found to be dependent on proximity to the Darling River and depth. Varying degrees of Li and B isotopic fractionation during water-sediment interaction were interpreted to account for the evolution of the saline groundwaters. The measurement of these trace element isotopes has permitted delineation of groundwater end-members that would have otherwise not been identified; in their absence an inaccurate interpretation of the hydrochemical evolution of these saline groundwaters would have been made. This study highlights the importance of a multi-tracer approach, which includes trace element isotopes, in resolving complex geochemical processes in groundwater in semi-arid to arid zone environments.

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