We have examined the effects of endogenous lipoxygenase products on basal progesterone (P4) production by cultured bovine mid-luteal cells. The involvement of lipoxygenase products in the stimulatory effect of LH on luteal cAMP accumulation and P4 production was also examined. Bovine luteal cells from mid-cycle corpora lutea (CL) were exposed for 16 h to a lipoxygenase inhibitor (nordihydroguaiaretic acid: NDGA; 0.33-33 μM). For the last 4 h of incubation, the cells were exposed to LH and/or three different lipoxygenase products, 5-, 12- and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE). NDGA inhibited P4 production by the cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). NDGA-reduced P4 production was reversed by the addition of 12-HETE, but not 5- or 15-HETE, whereas 5-, 12- and 15-HETE alone showed no significant effect on P4 production in the intact cells. Furthermore, NDGA (33 μM) blocked the stimulatory action of LH on P4 production (P < 0.05), without changing cAMP accumulation (P > 0.1). When the cells were exposed to 5-, 12- or 15-HETE with LH and NDGA, only 15-HETE maintained the stimulatory effect of LH on P4 production in the cells (P < 0.05). These results suggest that endogenous lipoxygenase products play important roles in P4 production by bovine CL, i.e. basal P4 production is supported by 12-HETE, and LH-stimulated P4 production is partially mediated via the activation of lipoxygenase and subsequent 15-HETE formation downstream of the LH-activated cAMP-PKA-phosphorylation pathway.
- Corpus luteum
- Cyclic adenosine monophosphate
- Luteinizing hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology