The Juvenile Hafnium Isotope Signal as a Record of Supercontinent Cycles

Nicholas J. Gardiner, Christopher L. Kirkland, Martin Van Kranendonk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hf isotope ratios measured in igneous zircon are controlled by magmatic source, which may be linked to tectonic setting. Over the 200-500 Myr periodicity of the supercontinent cycle - the principal geological phenomenon controlling prevailing global tectonic style - juvenile Hf signals, i.e. most radiogenic, are typically measured in zircon from granites formed in arc settings (crustal growth), and evolved zircon Hf signals in granites formed in continent-collision settings (crustal reworking). Interrogations of Hf datasets for excursions related to Earth events commonly use the median value, however this may be equivocal due to magma mixing. The most juvenile part of the Hf signal is less influenced by crustal in-mixing, and arguably a more sensitive archive of Earth's geodynamic state. We analyze the global Hf dataset for this juvenile signal, statistically correlating supercontinent amalgamation intervals with evolved Hf episodes, and breakup leading to re-assembly with juvenile Hf episodes. The juvenile Hf signal is more sensitive to Pangaea and Rodinia assembly, its amplitude increasing with successive cycles to a maximum with Gondwana assembly which may reflect enhanced subduction-erosion. We demonstrate that the juvenile Hf signal carries important information on prevailing global magmatic style, and thus tectonic processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38503
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2016
Externally publishedYes

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hafnium
supercontinent
isotope
zircon
geological phenomena
tectonics
Rodinia
Pangaea
reworking
tectonic setting
Gondwana
geodynamics
periodicity
subduction
collision
magma
erosion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

The Juvenile Hafnium Isotope Signal as a Record of Supercontinent Cycles. / Gardiner, Nicholas J.; Kirkland, Christopher L.; Van Kranendonk, Martin.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, 38503, 07.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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