The JAK inhibitor AZD1480 regulates proliferation and immunity in Hodgkin lymphoma

E. Derenzini, M. Lemoine, D. Buglio, Hiroshi Katayama, Y. Ji, R. E. Davis, S. Sen, A. Younes

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aberrant activation of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway has been reported to promote proliferation and survival of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We investigated the activity of the JAK inhibitor AZD1480 in HL-derived cell lines and determined its mechanisms of action. AZD1480 at low doses (0.1-1 lM) potently inhibited STATs phosphorylation, but did not predictably result in antiproliferative effects, as it activated a negative-feedback loop causing phosphorylation of JAK2 and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), and increased IP-10, RANTES and interleukin (IL)-8 concentrations in the supernatants. Inhibition of the ERK activity by mitogen-activated extracellular signal regulated kinase (MEK) inhibitors (UO126 and PD98059) enhanced the cytotoxic activity of AZD1480. Interestingly, submicromolar concentrations of AZD1480 demonstrated significant immunoregulatory effects by downregulating T-helper 2 cytokines and chemokines, including IL-13 and thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine, and the surface expression of the immunosuppressive programmed death ligands 1 and 2. Higher concentrations of AZD1480 (5 lM) induced G2/M arrest and cell death by inhibiting Aurora kinases. Our study demonstrates that AZD1480 regulates proliferation and immunity in HL cell lines and provides mechanistic rationale for evaluating AZD1480 alone or in combination with MEK inhibitors in HL.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere46
JournalBlood Cancer Journal
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Aurora kinases
  • AZD1480
  • ERK
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • JAK2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology

Cite this

Derenzini, E., Lemoine, M., Buglio, D., Katayama, H., Ji, Y., Davis, R. E., Sen, S., & Younes, A. (2011). The JAK inhibitor AZD1480 regulates proliferation and immunity in Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood Cancer Journal, 1(12), [e46]. https://doi.org/10.1038/bcj.2011.46