The Intronic cis Element SE1 Recruits trans-Acting Repressor Complexes to Repress the Expression of ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE1 in Rice

Yongyao Xie, Yaling Zhang, Jingluan Han, Jikai Luo, Gousi Li, Jianle Huang, Haibin Wu, Qingwei Tian, Qinlong Zhu, Yuanling Chen, Yoji Kawano, Yao Guang Liu, Letian Chen

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant height has a major effect on grain yield in crops such as rice (Oryza sativa), and the hormone gibberellic acid (GA) regulates many developmental processes that feed into plant height. Rice ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE1 (Eui1) encodes a GA-deactivating enzyme governing elongation of the uppermost internode. The expression of Eui1 is finely tuned, thereby maintaining homeostasis of endogenous bioactive GA and producing plants of normal plant height. Here, we identified a dominant dwarf mutant, dEui1, caused by the deletion of an RY motif-containing cis-silencing element (SE1) in the intron of Eui1. Detailed genetic and molecular analysis of SE1 revealed that this intronic cis element recruits at least one trans-acting repressor complex, containing the B3 repressors OsVAL2 and OsGD1, the SAP18 co-repressor, and the histone deacetylase OsHDA710, to negatively regulate the expression of Eui1. This complex generates closed chromatin at Eui1, suppressing Eui1 expression and modulating GA homeostasis. Loss of SE1 or dysfunction of the complex components impairs histone deacetylation and H3K27me3 methylation of Eui1 chromatin, thereby increasing Eui1 transcription and decreasing bioactive GA, producing dwarfism in rice. Together, our results reveal a novel silencing mechanism in which the intronic cis element SE1 negatively regulates Eui1 expression via repressor complexes that modulate histone deacetylation and/or methylation. The rice Eui1 harbors an intronic RY-containing cis element SE1, which recruits repressor complexes for histone modification and chromatin remodeling at Eui1 loci, leading to repressed expression of Eui1 and GA homeostasis for normal plant growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-735
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Plant
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B3 domain
  • Epigenetic regulation
  • Eui1
  • H3K27me3 Methylation
  • Histone Deacetylation
  • RY Element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science

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    Xie, Y., Zhang, Y., Han, J., Luo, J., Li, G., Huang, J., Wu, H., Tian, Q., Zhu, Q., Chen, Y., Kawano, Y., Liu, Y. G., & Chen, L. (2018). The Intronic cis Element SE1 Recruits trans-Acting Repressor Complexes to Repress the Expression of ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE1 in Rice. Molecular Plant, 11(5), 720-735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2018.03.001