Implantation of a single anterior pituitary into the uterine lumen induced the high incidence of adenomyosis in SHN strain of mice. The subserous nodules of the advanced state of adenomyosis appeared in larger numbers in the right uterine horns bearing the pituitary isografts than in the left ones bearing no isografts. Ovariectomy after implantation completely eliminated the occurrence of adenomyosis. Meanwhile, continuous treatments with estrogen in combination with progesterone recovered such pathological state in the ovariectomized mice receiving the pituitary isografts. The circulating levels of prolactin were consistently higher in mice given pituitary isografts than in the controls given isografts of pieces of submaxillary glands. The results indicate that, in this system, prolactin plays an important role in the genesis of adenomyosis, although the effect of ovarian sex steroids cannot be excluded.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)