The individual and cumulative effect of brominated flame retardant and polyvinylchloride (PVC) on thermal degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) copolymer

Mihai Brebu, Thallada Bhaskar, Kazuya Murai, Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata, Azhar Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers without and with a polybrominated epoxy type flame retardant were thermally degraded at 450°C alone (10 g) and mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC) (8 g/2 g). Gaseous and liquid products of degradation were analysed by various gas chromatographic methods (GC with TCD, FID, AED, MSD) in order to determine the individual and cumulative effect of bromine and chlorine on the quality and quantity of degradation compounds. It was found that nitrogen, chlorine, bromine and oxygen are present as organic compounds in liquid products, their quantity depends on the pyrolysed polymer or polymer mixture. Bromophenol and dibromophenols were the main brominated compounds that come from the flame retardant. 1-Chloroethylbenzene was the main chlorine compound observed in liquid products. It was also determined that interactions appear at high temperatures during decomposition between the flame retardant, PVC and the ABS copolymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-440
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
Acrylonitrile
Flame retardants
Butadiene
chlorine
Styrene
Bromine
Pyrolysis
Copolymers
Hot Temperature
bromine
Chlorine
degradation
liquid
Chlorine Compounds
Polymers
Liquids
polymer
Degradation
Chlorine compounds

Keywords

  • ABS copolymer
  • Bromine plastics
  • Flame retardant
  • PVC
  • Pyrolysis
  • WEEE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

The individual and cumulative effect of brominated flame retardant and polyvinylchloride (PVC) on thermal degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) copolymer. / Brebu, Mihai; Bhaskar, Thallada; Murai, Kazuya; Muto, Akinori; Sakata, Yusaku; Uddin, Azhar.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 56, No. 5, 08.2004, p. 433-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{02dba51cd8264ad887e58a1a95c7ca5e,
title = "The individual and cumulative effect of brominated flame retardant and polyvinylchloride (PVC) on thermal degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) copolymer",
abstract = "Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers without and with a polybrominated epoxy type flame retardant were thermally degraded at 450°C alone (10 g) and mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC) (8 g/2 g). Gaseous and liquid products of degradation were analysed by various gas chromatographic methods (GC with TCD, FID, AED, MSD) in order to determine the individual and cumulative effect of bromine and chlorine on the quality and quantity of degradation compounds. It was found that nitrogen, chlorine, bromine and oxygen are present as organic compounds in liquid products, their quantity depends on the pyrolysed polymer or polymer mixture. Bromophenol and dibromophenols were the main brominated compounds that come from the flame retardant. 1-Chloroethylbenzene was the main chlorine compound observed in liquid products. It was also determined that interactions appear at high temperatures during decomposition between the flame retardant, PVC and the ABS copolymer.",
keywords = "ABS copolymer, Bromine plastics, Flame retardant, PVC, Pyrolysis, WEEE",
author = "Mihai Brebu and Thallada Bhaskar and Kazuya Murai and Akinori Muto and Yusaku Sakata and Azhar Uddin",
year = "2004",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "433--440",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The individual and cumulative effect of brominated flame retardant and polyvinylchloride (PVC) on thermal degradation of acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) copolymer

AU - Brebu, Mihai

AU - Bhaskar, Thallada

AU - Murai, Kazuya

AU - Muto, Akinori

AU - Sakata, Yusaku

AU - Uddin, Azhar

PY - 2004/8

Y1 - 2004/8

N2 - Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers without and with a polybrominated epoxy type flame retardant were thermally degraded at 450°C alone (10 g) and mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC) (8 g/2 g). Gaseous and liquid products of degradation were analysed by various gas chromatographic methods (GC with TCD, FID, AED, MSD) in order to determine the individual and cumulative effect of bromine and chlorine on the quality and quantity of degradation compounds. It was found that nitrogen, chlorine, bromine and oxygen are present as organic compounds in liquid products, their quantity depends on the pyrolysed polymer or polymer mixture. Bromophenol and dibromophenols were the main brominated compounds that come from the flame retardant. 1-Chloroethylbenzene was the main chlorine compound observed in liquid products. It was also determined that interactions appear at high temperatures during decomposition between the flame retardant, PVC and the ABS copolymer.

AB - Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) copolymers without and with a polybrominated epoxy type flame retardant were thermally degraded at 450°C alone (10 g) and mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC) (8 g/2 g). Gaseous and liquid products of degradation were analysed by various gas chromatographic methods (GC with TCD, FID, AED, MSD) in order to determine the individual and cumulative effect of bromine and chlorine on the quality and quantity of degradation compounds. It was found that nitrogen, chlorine, bromine and oxygen are present as organic compounds in liquid products, their quantity depends on the pyrolysed polymer or polymer mixture. Bromophenol and dibromophenols were the main brominated compounds that come from the flame retardant. 1-Chloroethylbenzene was the main chlorine compound observed in liquid products. It was also determined that interactions appear at high temperatures during decomposition between the flame retardant, PVC and the ABS copolymer.

KW - ABS copolymer

KW - Bromine plastics

KW - Flame retardant

KW - PVC

KW - Pyrolysis

KW - WEEE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2942744380&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2942744380&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.04.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 15212908

AN - SCOPUS:2942744380

VL - 56

SP - 433

EP - 440

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

IS - 5

ER -