The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas

Nobuyoshi Mizukawa, Swe Swe Win, Zaw Moe Thein, Moe Thida Htwe, Yohsuke Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Kimata, Seiji Iida, Myo Khin, Shigeru Okada, Than Sein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Oral cancer is a very common disease in South and Southeast Asia. Betel quid (BQ)- chewing and tobaccosmoking habits are etiological factors for oral cancer patients in these regions. We conducted an oral cancer screening in BQ-chewing endemic rural areas in South Myanmar for the early detection of oral cancer in BQ-chewing and smoking individuals. We examined 105 subjects who were at high risk of oral cancer due to their oral habits (BQ users and/or smokers). Three carcinoma cases were detected, and there were 8 dysplasia cases. The carcinoma detection rate was 2.9%, and the carcinoma and precancerous lesion detection rate was 10.5%. In Myanmar, oral cancer screening has been conducted sporadically on a voluntary basis, and nationwide surveys have never been performed. There are also few reports of oral cancer screening for high-risk groups among the general population in Myanmar. Our present findings highlight the need for further screening and surveys. Education on betel quid chewing- and tobacco- related oral diseases and screening for the early detection of oral cancer are of the utmost importance in the control and prevention of oral cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume71
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Mastication
Myanmar
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Mouth Neoplasms
Screening
Incidence
Early Detection of Cancer
Population
Smokeless Tobacco
Carcinoma
Habits
Mouth Diseases
Education
Southeastern Asia
Smoking

Keywords

  • Betel quid (BQ)
  • Myanmar
  • Oral cancer
  • Oral cancer screening
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas. / Mizukawa, Nobuyoshi; Win, Swe Swe; Thein, Zaw Moe; Htwe, Moe Thida; Yoshioka, Yohsuke; Kimata, Yoshihiro; Iida, Seiji; Khin, Myo; Okada, Shigeru; Sein, Than.

In: Acta Medica Okayama, Vol. 71, No. 6, 01.01.2017, p. 519-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mizukawa, N, Win, SS, Thein, ZM, Htwe, MT, Yoshioka, Y, Kimata, Y, Iida, S, Khin, M, Okada, S & Sein, T 2017, 'The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas', Acta Medica Okayama, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 519-524.
Mizukawa, Nobuyoshi ; Win, Swe Swe ; Thein, Zaw Moe ; Htwe, Moe Thida ; Yoshioka, Yohsuke ; Kimata, Yoshihiro ; Iida, Seiji ; Khin, Myo ; Okada, Shigeru ; Sein, Than. / The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas. In: Acta Medica Okayama. 2017 ; Vol. 71, No. 6. pp. 519-524.
@article{ee008a7faa1e470581c16a0767b5f8b8,
title = "The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas",
abstract = "Oral cancer is a very common disease in South and Southeast Asia. Betel quid (BQ)- chewing and tobaccosmoking habits are etiological factors for oral cancer patients in these regions. We conducted an oral cancer screening in BQ-chewing endemic rural areas in South Myanmar for the early detection of oral cancer in BQ-chewing and smoking individuals. We examined 105 subjects who were at high risk of oral cancer due to their oral habits (BQ users and/or smokers). Three carcinoma cases were detected, and there were 8 dysplasia cases. The carcinoma detection rate was 2.9{\%}, and the carcinoma and precancerous lesion detection rate was 10.5{\%}. In Myanmar, oral cancer screening has been conducted sporadically on a voluntary basis, and nationwide surveys have never been performed. There are also few reports of oral cancer screening for high-risk groups among the general population in Myanmar. Our present findings highlight the need for further screening and surveys. Education on betel quid chewing- and tobacco- related oral diseases and screening for the early detection of oral cancer are of the utmost importance in the control and prevention of oral cancer.",
keywords = "Betel quid (BQ), Myanmar, Oral cancer, Oral cancer screening, Smoking",
author = "Nobuyoshi Mizukawa and Win, {Swe Swe} and Thein, {Zaw Moe} and Htwe, {Moe Thida} and Yohsuke Yoshioka and Yoshihiro Kimata and Seiji Iida and Myo Khin and Shigeru Okada and Than Sein",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "519--524",
journal = "Acta Medica Okayama",
issn = "0386-300X",
publisher = "Okayama University",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in betel quid-chewing populations in south myanmar rural areas

AU - Mizukawa, Nobuyoshi

AU - Win, Swe Swe

AU - Thein, Zaw Moe

AU - Htwe, Moe Thida

AU - Yoshioka, Yohsuke

AU - Kimata, Yoshihiro

AU - Iida, Seiji

AU - Khin, Myo

AU - Okada, Shigeru

AU - Sein, Than

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Oral cancer is a very common disease in South and Southeast Asia. Betel quid (BQ)- chewing and tobaccosmoking habits are etiological factors for oral cancer patients in these regions. We conducted an oral cancer screening in BQ-chewing endemic rural areas in South Myanmar for the early detection of oral cancer in BQ-chewing and smoking individuals. We examined 105 subjects who were at high risk of oral cancer due to their oral habits (BQ users and/or smokers). Three carcinoma cases were detected, and there were 8 dysplasia cases. The carcinoma detection rate was 2.9%, and the carcinoma and precancerous lesion detection rate was 10.5%. In Myanmar, oral cancer screening has been conducted sporadically on a voluntary basis, and nationwide surveys have never been performed. There are also few reports of oral cancer screening for high-risk groups among the general population in Myanmar. Our present findings highlight the need for further screening and surveys. Education on betel quid chewing- and tobacco- related oral diseases and screening for the early detection of oral cancer are of the utmost importance in the control and prevention of oral cancer.

AB - Oral cancer is a very common disease in South and Southeast Asia. Betel quid (BQ)- chewing and tobaccosmoking habits are etiological factors for oral cancer patients in these regions. We conducted an oral cancer screening in BQ-chewing endemic rural areas in South Myanmar for the early detection of oral cancer in BQ-chewing and smoking individuals. We examined 105 subjects who were at high risk of oral cancer due to their oral habits (BQ users and/or smokers). Three carcinoma cases were detected, and there were 8 dysplasia cases. The carcinoma detection rate was 2.9%, and the carcinoma and precancerous lesion detection rate was 10.5%. In Myanmar, oral cancer screening has been conducted sporadically on a voluntary basis, and nationwide surveys have never been performed. There are also few reports of oral cancer screening for high-risk groups among the general population in Myanmar. Our present findings highlight the need for further screening and surveys. Education on betel quid chewing- and tobacco- related oral diseases and screening for the early detection of oral cancer are of the utmost importance in the control and prevention of oral cancer.

KW - Betel quid (BQ)

KW - Myanmar

KW - Oral cancer

KW - Oral cancer screening

KW - Smoking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038883420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038883420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 29276225

AN - SCOPUS:85038883420

VL - 71

SP - 519

EP - 524

JO - Acta Medica Okayama

JF - Acta Medica Okayama

SN - 0386-300X

IS - 6

ER -