The importance of NaCl concentration in a chemically defined medium for the development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro

J. M. Lim, J. H. Kim, K. Okuda, K. Niwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro were cultured in a chemically defined medium (modified Tyrode's solution) without glucose. When different concentrations of NaCl were added to the medium, the proportions of embryos developed to the ≥8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages 96, 144 and 192 h post insemination, respectively, were significantly higher at 89 to 114 mM than 64 to 76 and 126 to 139 mM NaCl. A high proportion (28%) of blastocyst-stage embryos 192 h post insemination was obtained at 89 mM NaCl. When calculated osmolarity in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was varied by adding D-sorbitol, significantly higher proportions of morula-stage embryos were obtained at 265 to 315 mOsm (27 to 38%) than 215 (9%) and 365 (2%) mOsm, but the development to the blastocyst stage was difficult at any osmolarities (215 to 365 mOsm) tested. In the medium with a fixed osmolarity (315 mOsm) but with different concentrations (64 to 114 mM) of NaCl, there were no differences in the proportions (29 to 33%) of morula-stage embryos among different NaCl concentrations. However, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at 89 to 101 mM (22 to 23%) than 64 to 76 (0 to 9%) and 114 (11%) mM NaCl. When Cl- concentration in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was adjusted by adding choline chloride, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the morula stage at 97 to 122 mM (32 to 40%) than 72 (6%) and 147 (2%) mM Cl-, but few embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at any Cl- concentrations (72 to 147 mM) tested. In the medium with 64 or 114 mM NaCl and each with 2 different Na+ K+ ratios, there were no differences in the proportions of morula- and blastocyst-stage embryos between different Na+ K+ ratios (31 and 39 at 64 mM NaCl, and 39 and 47 at 114 mM NaCl) at each NaCl concentration. When glucose was added to the medium with 89 mM NaCl 120 h postinsemination, there were no significant differences in the proportions (40 to 48%) of morula-stage embryos 144 h post insemination among different concentrations (0 to 6.95 mM) of glucose. The proportion (33%) of blastocysts 192 h post insemination at 2.78 mM glucose was significantly higher than the values at 0 (22%), 5.56 (19%) and 6.95 (15%) mM but not different compared with the values at 1.39 (23%) and 4.17 (28%) mM. In conclusion, NaCl concentration in a defined medium is one of the most important factors for the development of bovine embryo to the blastocyst stage, but the development of embryos up to the morula stage is also regulated by osmolarity and/or Cl-concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalTheriogenology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Morula
Blastocyst
sodium chloride
Oocytes
oocytes
Embryonic Structures
embryo (animal)
cattle
morula
blastocyst
Insemination
Osmolar Concentration
osmolarity
Glucose
insemination
Embryonic Development
glucose
In Vitro Techniques
Sorbitol
Choline

Keywords

  • bovine
  • defined medium
  • embryos
  • NaCl requirement
  • preimplantation development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

The importance of NaCl concentration in a chemically defined medium for the development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro. / Lim, J. M.; Kim, J. H.; Okuda, K.; Niwa, K.

In: Theriogenology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 1994, p. 421-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f1bf0d916b84442682e6e435690cd2a5,
title = "The importance of NaCl concentration in a chemically defined medium for the development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro",
abstract = "Bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro were cultured in a chemically defined medium (modified Tyrode's solution) without glucose. When different concentrations of NaCl were added to the medium, the proportions of embryos developed to the ≥8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages 96, 144 and 192 h post insemination, respectively, were significantly higher at 89 to 114 mM than 64 to 76 and 126 to 139 mM NaCl. A high proportion (28{\%}) of blastocyst-stage embryos 192 h post insemination was obtained at 89 mM NaCl. When calculated osmolarity in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was varied by adding D-sorbitol, significantly higher proportions of morula-stage embryos were obtained at 265 to 315 mOsm (27 to 38{\%}) than 215 (9{\%}) and 365 (2{\%}) mOsm, but the development to the blastocyst stage was difficult at any osmolarities (215 to 365 mOsm) tested. In the medium with a fixed osmolarity (315 mOsm) but with different concentrations (64 to 114 mM) of NaCl, there were no differences in the proportions (29 to 33{\%}) of morula-stage embryos among different NaCl concentrations. However, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at 89 to 101 mM (22 to 23{\%}) than 64 to 76 (0 to 9{\%}) and 114 (11{\%}) mM NaCl. When Cl- concentration in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was adjusted by adding choline chloride, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the morula stage at 97 to 122 mM (32 to 40{\%}) than 72 (6{\%}) and 147 (2{\%}) mM Cl-, but few embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at any Cl- concentrations (72 to 147 mM) tested. In the medium with 64 or 114 mM NaCl and each with 2 different Na+ K+ ratios, there were no differences in the proportions of morula- and blastocyst-stage embryos between different Na+ K+ ratios (31 and 39 at 64 mM NaCl, and 39 and 47 at 114 mM NaCl) at each NaCl concentration. When glucose was added to the medium with 89 mM NaCl 120 h postinsemination, there were no significant differences in the proportions (40 to 48{\%}) of morula-stage embryos 144 h post insemination among different concentrations (0 to 6.95 mM) of glucose. The proportion (33{\%}) of blastocysts 192 h post insemination at 2.78 mM glucose was significantly higher than the values at 0 (22{\%}), 5.56 (19{\%}) and 6.95 (15{\%}) mM but not different compared with the values at 1.39 (23{\%}) and 4.17 (28{\%}) mM. In conclusion, NaCl concentration in a defined medium is one of the most important factors for the development of bovine embryo to the blastocyst stage, but the development of embryos up to the morula stage is also regulated by osmolarity and/or Cl-concentration.",
keywords = "bovine, defined medium, embryos, NaCl requirement, preimplantation development",
author = "Lim, {J. M.} and Kim, {J. H.} and K. Okuda and K. Niwa",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1016/0093-691X(94)90680-H",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "421--432",
journal = "Theriogenology",
issn = "0093-691X",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The importance of NaCl concentration in a chemically defined medium for the development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro

AU - Lim, J. M.

AU - Kim, J. H.

AU - Okuda, K.

AU - Niwa, K.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro were cultured in a chemically defined medium (modified Tyrode's solution) without glucose. When different concentrations of NaCl were added to the medium, the proportions of embryos developed to the ≥8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages 96, 144 and 192 h post insemination, respectively, were significantly higher at 89 to 114 mM than 64 to 76 and 126 to 139 mM NaCl. A high proportion (28%) of blastocyst-stage embryos 192 h post insemination was obtained at 89 mM NaCl. When calculated osmolarity in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was varied by adding D-sorbitol, significantly higher proportions of morula-stage embryos were obtained at 265 to 315 mOsm (27 to 38%) than 215 (9%) and 365 (2%) mOsm, but the development to the blastocyst stage was difficult at any osmolarities (215 to 365 mOsm) tested. In the medium with a fixed osmolarity (315 mOsm) but with different concentrations (64 to 114 mM) of NaCl, there were no differences in the proportions (29 to 33%) of morula-stage embryos among different NaCl concentrations. However, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at 89 to 101 mM (22 to 23%) than 64 to 76 (0 to 9%) and 114 (11%) mM NaCl. When Cl- concentration in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was adjusted by adding choline chloride, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the morula stage at 97 to 122 mM (32 to 40%) than 72 (6%) and 147 (2%) mM Cl-, but few embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at any Cl- concentrations (72 to 147 mM) tested. In the medium with 64 or 114 mM NaCl and each with 2 different Na+ K+ ratios, there were no differences in the proportions of morula- and blastocyst-stage embryos between different Na+ K+ ratios (31 and 39 at 64 mM NaCl, and 39 and 47 at 114 mM NaCl) at each NaCl concentration. When glucose was added to the medium with 89 mM NaCl 120 h postinsemination, there were no significant differences in the proportions (40 to 48%) of morula-stage embryos 144 h post insemination among different concentrations (0 to 6.95 mM) of glucose. The proportion (33%) of blastocysts 192 h post insemination at 2.78 mM glucose was significantly higher than the values at 0 (22%), 5.56 (19%) and 6.95 (15%) mM but not different compared with the values at 1.39 (23%) and 4.17 (28%) mM. In conclusion, NaCl concentration in a defined medium is one of the most important factors for the development of bovine embryo to the blastocyst stage, but the development of embryos up to the morula stage is also regulated by osmolarity and/or Cl-concentration.

AB - Bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro were cultured in a chemically defined medium (modified Tyrode's solution) without glucose. When different concentrations of NaCl were added to the medium, the proportions of embryos developed to the ≥8-cell, morula and blastocyst stages 96, 144 and 192 h post insemination, respectively, were significantly higher at 89 to 114 mM than 64 to 76 and 126 to 139 mM NaCl. A high proportion (28%) of blastocyst-stage embryos 192 h post insemination was obtained at 89 mM NaCl. When calculated osmolarity in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was varied by adding D-sorbitol, significantly higher proportions of morula-stage embryos were obtained at 265 to 315 mOsm (27 to 38%) than 215 (9%) and 365 (2%) mOsm, but the development to the blastocyst stage was difficult at any osmolarities (215 to 365 mOsm) tested. In the medium with a fixed osmolarity (315 mOsm) but with different concentrations (64 to 114 mM) of NaCl, there were no differences in the proportions (29 to 33%) of morula-stage embryos among different NaCl concentrations. However, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at 89 to 101 mM (22 to 23%) than 64 to 76 (0 to 9%) and 114 (11%) mM NaCl. When Cl- concentration in the medium with 64 mM NaCl was adjusted by adding choline chloride, significantly higher proportions of embryos developed to the morula stage at 97 to 122 mM (32 to 40%) than 72 (6%) and 147 (2%) mM Cl-, but few embryos developed to the blastocyst stage at any Cl- concentrations (72 to 147 mM) tested. In the medium with 64 or 114 mM NaCl and each with 2 different Na+ K+ ratios, there were no differences in the proportions of morula- and blastocyst-stage embryos between different Na+ K+ ratios (31 and 39 at 64 mM NaCl, and 39 and 47 at 114 mM NaCl) at each NaCl concentration. When glucose was added to the medium with 89 mM NaCl 120 h postinsemination, there were no significant differences in the proportions (40 to 48%) of morula-stage embryos 144 h post insemination among different concentrations (0 to 6.95 mM) of glucose. The proportion (33%) of blastocysts 192 h post insemination at 2.78 mM glucose was significantly higher than the values at 0 (22%), 5.56 (19%) and 6.95 (15%) mM but not different compared with the values at 1.39 (23%) and 4.17 (28%) mM. In conclusion, NaCl concentration in a defined medium is one of the most important factors for the development of bovine embryo to the blastocyst stage, but the development of embryos up to the morula stage is also regulated by osmolarity and/or Cl-concentration.

KW - bovine

KW - defined medium

KW - embryos

KW - NaCl requirement

KW - preimplantation development

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38149144162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38149144162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0093-691X(94)90680-H

DO - 10.1016/0093-691X(94)90680-H

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 421

EP - 432

JO - Theriogenology

JF - Theriogenology

SN - 0093-691X

IS - 3

ER -