The impact of prolonged cold preservation on the graft function and gene expression levels in an experimental lung transplantation model

Osamu Yoshida, Masaomi Yamane, Sumiharu Yamamoto, Mikio Okazaki, Shinichi Toyooka, Takahiro Oto, Yoshifumi Sano, Shinichiro Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. Early growth response-1 (EGR1) drives the expression of inflammatory mediators and has an important role in IRI. We hypothesized that the severe IRI caused by a long preservation induces a specific expression pattern of EGR1 and its target genes which would correlate with the lung graft function. Methods: SD rat lungs were preserved at 4C for 3 or 18h, then transplanted and reperfused. Pulmonary grafts were evaluated for the blood gas oxygenation and pathological findings. The intra-graft mRNA levels of EGR1 and its downstream target genes were measured by real-time PCR. A Western blotting analysis of the EGR1 expression was used to validate the changes in the protein level. Results: There was upregulation of EGR1, MIP-2 and PAI-1 when there was prolonged hypothermic preservation. The expression levels of MIP-2 and PAI-1 were observed to increase for up to 4h in the 18h preserved lungs. There were no differences in the expression levels of IL-1β and ICAM-1 between the lungs subjected to short and long periods of ischemia. Conclusions: Our data showed that prolonged hypothermic graft preservation deteriorates the pulmonary graft function, which was associated with the induction of EGR1 and its downstream target genes, which may aggravate IRI following lung transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalSurgery today
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • EGR1
  • Ischemia reperfusion injury
  • Lung transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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