The high-pressure to ultrahigh-pressure eclogite transition in the Western Gneiss Region, Norway

Alice Wain, David Waters, Andrew Jephcoat, Helmut Olijynk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineralogical and textural criteria in high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area of the Western Gneiss Region of Norway demonstrate in situ metamorphism of both high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure eclogites within their enclosing gneisses. In ultrahigh-pressure rocks, coesite occurs in garnet, clinopyroxene and kyanite in eclogite, and quartz pseudomorphs after coesite in garnet, clinopyroxene and epidote minerals in eclogites and gneisses. Relic coesite(s) ranging from 2 to 150 μm grain size has been identified by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Preservation of coesite varies considerably, from 0 to 90% in inclusions. Coesite, or non-annealed pseudomorphs after coesite, are only preserved as inclusions within rigid host phases that have been isolated from the rock matrix until a late stage in the exhumation history, after amphibolite-facies retrogression of the rock matrix. These textural relationships suggest cooling during exhumation. Several textural and mineral chemical features of garnets and amphiboles distinguish ultrahigh-pressure from high-pressure eclogites and gneisses. Ultrahigh-pressure eclogites and gneisses record only peak P-T conditions and subsequent retrograde metamorphism, whereas high-pressure eclogites and gneisses record a prograde evolution to eclogite-facies conditions, and subsequent retrogression, entirely restricted to the quartz stability field. These differences are evidence of a metamorphic break in the Nordfjord area. It appears not to be related to kinetic factors, and so supports a proposed tectonic boundary to an ultrahigh-pressure unit in the Western Gneiss Region. These features are consistent with exhumation of UHP rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area by a subduction-type model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-687
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Mineralogy
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

coesite
eclogite
gneiss
exhumation
garnet
retrogression
Garnets
rock
clinopyroxene
Quartz
Rocks
quartz
retrograde metamorphism
matrix
Minerals
kyanite
P-T conditions
Raman spectroscopy
mineral
epidote

Keywords

  • Coesite
  • Eclogite
  • Norway
  • Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism
  • Western Gneiss Region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

The high-pressure to ultrahigh-pressure eclogite transition in the Western Gneiss Region, Norway. / Wain, Alice; Waters, David; Jephcoat, Andrew; Olijynk, Helmut.

In: European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 12, No. 3, 05.2000, p. 667-687.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wain, A, Waters, D, Jephcoat, A & Olijynk, H 2000, 'The high-pressure to ultrahigh-pressure eclogite transition in the Western Gneiss Region, Norway', European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 667-687.
Wain, Alice ; Waters, David ; Jephcoat, Andrew ; Olijynk, Helmut. / The high-pressure to ultrahigh-pressure eclogite transition in the Western Gneiss Region, Norway. In: European Journal of Mineralogy. 2000 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 667-687.
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N2 - Mineralogical and textural criteria in high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area of the Western Gneiss Region of Norway demonstrate in situ metamorphism of both high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure eclogites within their enclosing gneisses. In ultrahigh-pressure rocks, coesite occurs in garnet, clinopyroxene and kyanite in eclogite, and quartz pseudomorphs after coesite in garnet, clinopyroxene and epidote minerals in eclogites and gneisses. Relic coesite(s) ranging from 2 to 150 μm grain size has been identified by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Preservation of coesite varies considerably, from 0 to 90% in inclusions. Coesite, or non-annealed pseudomorphs after coesite, are only preserved as inclusions within rigid host phases that have been isolated from the rock matrix until a late stage in the exhumation history, after amphibolite-facies retrogression of the rock matrix. These textural relationships suggest cooling during exhumation. Several textural and mineral chemical features of garnets and amphiboles distinguish ultrahigh-pressure from high-pressure eclogites and gneisses. Ultrahigh-pressure eclogites and gneisses record only peak P-T conditions and subsequent retrograde metamorphism, whereas high-pressure eclogites and gneisses record a prograde evolution to eclogite-facies conditions, and subsequent retrogression, entirely restricted to the quartz stability field. These differences are evidence of a metamorphic break in the Nordfjord area. It appears not to be related to kinetic factors, and so supports a proposed tectonic boundary to an ultrahigh-pressure unit in the Western Gneiss Region. These features are consistent with exhumation of UHP rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area by a subduction-type model.

AB - Mineralogical and textural criteria in high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area of the Western Gneiss Region of Norway demonstrate in situ metamorphism of both high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure eclogites within their enclosing gneisses. In ultrahigh-pressure rocks, coesite occurs in garnet, clinopyroxene and kyanite in eclogite, and quartz pseudomorphs after coesite in garnet, clinopyroxene and epidote minerals in eclogites and gneisses. Relic coesite(s) ranging from 2 to 150 μm grain size has been identified by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Preservation of coesite varies considerably, from 0 to 90% in inclusions. Coesite, or non-annealed pseudomorphs after coesite, are only preserved as inclusions within rigid host phases that have been isolated from the rock matrix until a late stage in the exhumation history, after amphibolite-facies retrogression of the rock matrix. These textural relationships suggest cooling during exhumation. Several textural and mineral chemical features of garnets and amphiboles distinguish ultrahigh-pressure from high-pressure eclogites and gneisses. Ultrahigh-pressure eclogites and gneisses record only peak P-T conditions and subsequent retrograde metamorphism, whereas high-pressure eclogites and gneisses record a prograde evolution to eclogite-facies conditions, and subsequent retrogression, entirely restricted to the quartz stability field. These differences are evidence of a metamorphic break in the Nordfjord area. It appears not to be related to kinetic factors, and so supports a proposed tectonic boundary to an ultrahigh-pressure unit in the Western Gneiss Region. These features are consistent with exhumation of UHP rocks in the Nordfjord-Stadlandet area by a subduction-type model.

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